The Current Rate Of Hiv / Aids Essay

The Current Rate Of Hiv / Aids Essay

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The current rate of HIV/AIDS in Botswana clearly shows that the current government has failed to implement successful solutions in regards to the HIV/AIDS epidemic. These failures have led to the death of 3,200 people, in 2015. (AVERT 2016). Government HIV/AIDS policy in Botswana started out great. When the first cases of HIV/AIDS started to rise in 1987, the country took great measures to enact policy that would eradicate the problem. Botswana put in place a one-year national emergency plan that was first enacted in 1987. After that plan was implemented a series of 5-year strategic plans were put in place to stop the spread of HIV/AIDS (Allen and Heald 2004, 1144). The first national campaign in 1988 started with a focus of using radio communications, bumper stickers, T-shirts to raise awareness of HIV/AIDS. While it was working at first, it did not last long. By the mid-1990s Botswana moved away from educational programs and the citizens, along with the government. The removal of educational programs caused the HIV/AIDS rates to skyrocket in the country. The HIV prevalence among citizens increased rapidly from 18% in 1992 to 38% in 2000 (World Health Organization 2014). Many people of the government and even its citizen denied to take note of this deadly disease because it dealt with sex. A topic surrounding sex in Botswana caused many citizens to become reluctant. The unwillingness to talk about sex stems from the respect for the family and kinship structure (Allen and Heald 2004, 1151).
For the past two decades, policies put in place by the Government of Botswana have failed its citizens because of a lack of acknowledgement on the danger of HIV/AIDS. In 2013, the Parliament and President Ian Khama signed into legislation a ...


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...effects on Africa and throughout the world. The African countries of Botswana, South Africa, and Zimbabwe has seen high levels of HIV/AIDS plague their countries, while Rwanda HIV/AIDS rate is among the lowest in the sub-Saharan Africa. The high HIV/AIDS rate can be attributed to their governments ineffective policies. These country’s governments have decided to focus on other issues than the growing HIV/AIDS epidemic. State capacity has played a role in allowing policy to be created in Botswana, South Africa, and Zimbabwe because of the government types. Rwanda’s approach to including the opinions of the educated has allowed for policy to flourish and ultimately show that the HIV/AIDS rate can be lowered if everyone works together, rather than have the government of each country enacting different policies over time that either are ineffective or leads to more harm.

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