The Criminal Justice System is a public service in the United Kingdom. Together the police, the Crown Prosecution Service (CPS), Courts, prisons and probation work together to reach their main aim of delivering justice and to protect the public. Justice is delivered by prosecuting and punishing criminals, but also by offering methods of reforming and rehabilitating criminals, in order to prevent them from re-offending. The Criminal Justice System also holds the responsibility of; detecting crime and bringing to justice, any group or individual they possess evidence on, of carrying out illegal activity. The system also has a duty to protect the innocent, as well as this they hold the responsibility of carrying out the orders of courts.
In order to understand the work of the Criminal Justice System it is imperative that the way the system currently works is explored. The police are involved in the early stages of a crime. The crime is reported to the police through contacting the emergency services. For less serious non emergency crimes citizens are urged to contact their local police force. The next step involves the police conducting an investigation into the crime. It is at this step that they aim to identify suspects and question them. Once the investigation is complete the police can c...
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... criminal, and also deter them from re-offending. Depending on the seriousness of the offence the courts are able to choose from four types of sentence. These range from a discharge, a fine, a community order, or imprisonment. For less serious crimes the courts opt to issue fines. Community orders can range from a set number of hours unpaid work/voluntary service to directly helping victims of crime, or to mandatory attendance at alcohol and drug treatment programmes, it can also include being placed on an electronic tag with a curfew. In regards to more serious crimes that hold a term of imprisonment, initially Parliament will have laid down the maximum sentence for the offence, however judges and magistrates are issued with sentencing guidelines. The aim of these guidelines is to provide a level of consistency through sentencing within the Criminal Justice System.
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