A meaning of a word can differ from person to person, depending on his or her culture and upbringing. Culture in a general sense is patterns, behaviors, beliefs, values, customs and life ways that have been passed on from person to person, generation to generation, within a family and group of people. This group of people with the same thoughts about products of human work will also share implicit or explicit patterns of their world view and decision making. There are different cultures all around us. The primary characteristics of culture are the obvious things that meet the eye such as; nationality, race, color, gender, age, and religious affiliation. The secondary characteristics of culture are more hidden and person. The majority of these characteristics can be shown by asking a person specific private questions. Educational status, occupation, political beliefs, marital status, sexual orientation, how much money you make… these are all confidential things that make up who we are and some people make feel uncomfortable talking about them in public. These secondary characteristics are what people really need to respect when working with patients from different cultures. The differences between cultures and the ignorance of knowing more about culture as a whole is how a lot of people get into moral trouble. Ever culture is different from each other whether it is by the looks of the people, race and ethnicity, or even the not so obvious, sexual orientations and...
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... the center of the model represents the unknown.
The domains of The Purnell Model allow for a more focused analysis.
I do believe that this model is useful. Since it is used as an outline for nursing assessment and intervention, the model can provide useful insight into the aspects of an individual’s cultural needs in relation to each domain. There aren’t any set boundaries on what each culture consists of in the world today, so the Purnell Model for Cultural Competence helps nurses and other practitioners develop an understand for the patients needs, wants, and beliefs.
"Definition of Diversity." University of Oregon. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 Nov. 2011.
Purnell, Larry D., and Betty J. Paulanka. Guide to culturally competent health care. Philadelphia, PA: F.A. Davis Co., 2008.
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