What effect does culture have on socialization and group membership? As stated before, culture shapes groups, even in ways of perspective and socialization. Men are looked upon as more superior than those of their counterparts. How did this come to be? In chapter 10, we learned that in some hunting and gathering groups women and men were once seen to be equals on a social level. Horticultural societies were also seen to have less of a gender discrimination than what it is of today. In these societies, women might have contributed around 60 percent of the total food for the group, however, gender is the basis for discrimination around the world. Now, you’re probably wondering, if women do all this work how did they become a minority group? The biggest theory is that patriarchy helped men dominate their way through the society. In early history for humans, life expectancy was short. People died at a young age and if groups wanted to survive, women had to bare many children. An infant needed a nursing mother, if there was not a woman to nurse the child it died. With a child in need for its mother, women were not able to m...
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...itical parties began to rise. After the Civil War, two parties dominated U.S. politics. These were known as the Republicans and the Democrats. Each party is made up from each social class, however, the working class tends to lean more to the Democrats. The wealthier class tends to lean more to the Republicans. Voters decide who will represent their party during primaries, or pre-elections. Candidates then campaign and try to appeal to as many voters as possible. Lobbying by special-interest groups are consisted of people who think similarly on a certain issue and mobilize political action. Lobbyists are paid to influence legislation on behalf of clients. Congress passed laws that limit the amount corporations and individuals can buy votes for candidates. Political action committees take contributions from people and hand over huge amounts of money to the politicians.
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