The Cultural Revolution And Its Impact On China Essay

The Cultural Revolution And Its Impact On China Essay

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The Cultural Revolution was a revolution that had happened between 1966 and 1976 and had a great impact on China. The Cultural Revolution used to be known as the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution but was changed after many years. The main goal of this Revolution was to preserve true communist mainly in China by purging remnants of capitalist and traditional elements from Chinese society. It was also used to re-impose Maoist which was thought as the dominant ideology within the Party. The Cultural Revolution was basically a sociopolitical movement. But it was mainly for the return of the leader, Mao Zedong, who was the leader of the revolution on and off. Which had led him to a position of power after the Great Leap Forward which paralyzed China politically and significantly negatively. Zedong was known as the chairman of the Communist Party of China and this affected the country 's economy and society.
This all started at around 1958 after Chinas first Five Year Plan, which was where Mao had wanted what was known as a "grassroots socialism". Which in order to accelerate his plan he had to turn China into a modern sized industrialized state. Because of this Mao decided to launch what was known as the "Great Leap Forward". “Which began the mass mobilization of the people into collectives and many communities were assigned production of a single “commodity steel”” (Keynes 46). He wanted to increase agriculture by this and only made it worse with bad weather, chaos, and exports of food necessary to secure hard currency (Keynes 32). This resulted in the Great Chinese Famine which made food short and production fell dramatically. This caused the deaths of millions which didn 't make Mao so popular and some began to hate him as a ...


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...itical instability and the constant shifts in economic policy produced slower economic growth and a decline in the capacity of the government to deliver goods and services.” “Officials at all levels of the political system learned that future shifts in policy would jeopardize those who had aggressively implemented previous policy.” (Lieberthal 121) The Cultural Revolution was officially ended by the Eleventh Party Congress in August 1977, and had concluded with Mao 's death and the purge of the Gang of Four in the fall of 1976. In addition, with the death of Mao and the end of the Cultural Revolution nearly three million party members and countless wrongfully purged citizens awaited reinstatement. Bold measures were taken in the late 1970s to confront these immediate problems, but the Cultural Revolution left a legacy that continued to trouble China (Lieberthal 122).

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