This all started at around 1958 after Chinas first Five Year Plan, which was where Mao had wanted what was known as a "grassroots socialism". Which in order to accelerate his plan he had to turn China into a modern sized industrialized state. Because of this Mao decided to launch what was known as the "Great Leap Forward". “Which began the mass mobilization of the people into collectives and many communities were assigned production of a single “commodity steel”” (Keynes 46). He wanted to increase agriculture by this and only made it worse with bad weather, chaos, and exports of food necessary to secure hard currency (Keynes 32). This resulted in the Great Chinese Famine which made food short and production fell dramatically. This caused the deaths of millions which didn 't make Mao so popular and some began to hate him as a ...
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...itical instability and the constant shifts in economic policy produced slower economic growth and a decline in the capacity of the government to deliver goods and services.” “Officials at all levels of the political system learned that future shifts in policy would jeopardize those who had aggressively implemented previous policy.” (Lieberthal 121) The Cultural Revolution was officially ended by the Eleventh Party Congress in August 1977, and had concluded with Mao 's death and the purge of the Gang of Four in the fall of 1976. In addition, with the death of Mao and the end of the Cultural Revolution nearly three million party members and countless wrongfully purged citizens awaited reinstatement. Bold measures were taken in the late 1970s to confront these immediate problems, but the Cultural Revolution left a legacy that continued to trouble China (Lieberthal 122).
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