Essay about The Cultural Dimension Of Geert H. Hofstede

Essay about The Cultural Dimension Of Geert H. Hofstede

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The cultural dimension can help to identify what sort of differences may occur in each of the dimension. Knowing this is beneficial to deal with the difference across culture and try to find alternatives to solve the issue. For the purpose of this reflection, I would like to focus on the cultural dimension of Geert H. Hofstede (2001), which are power distance, individualism, uncertainty avoidance and masculinity.
2. Theoretical reflection
First, power distance is a situation in which people acknowledge that there is different status between them (Geert H. Hofstede, 2001). People from a high power distance country tend to pay attention in hierarchical position and so they should act respectively in a relation between superiors and subordinates. While low power distance countries may encourage equalities among people with different level of employment. Therefore, there is a contrast between countries with high and low power distance, which should be understood when people will try to interact across culture.
Second, individualism is the extent to which people would prefer to be known as her or himself rather than a group (Geert H. Hofstede, 2001). A country with low individualism level may disregard personal performance, rather collective success is more appropriate to be rewarded. While in the high individualism country, everything is about individual and people prefer to show their achievement among others. In other word, competition is more observable especially among individual in this country type, which in a point may be more efficient rather than the collectivist countries because decision can be made by personal concern.
Third, uncertainty avoidance is a situation where people would prefer to give more choice for their plans...


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...resentative from high masculinity countries. This is not necessarily because their position is not the same but it is a matter of perception or the way of viewing gender differently.
Reflect back to research about the relation of cultural dimension and culture uniformity, some research mention about individualism dimension as a social aspect that can become a frame to culture uniformity (Yang & Bond, 1990). While power distance dimension is not considered to be a construct to culture uniformity because of the validity issue (Ronen & Shenkar, 1985; Triandis, Bontempo, Villareal, Asai, & Lucca, 1988). The practical view of this relation is that an organization should consider social aspects to design a uniform strategy to accommodate diversity within it. This can be in the form of applying dual cultural standard that is subjected to be modified or adjusted continuously.

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