Cultural Differences in Facial Expressiveness Essay

Cultural Differences in Facial Expressiveness Essay

Length: 1839 words (5.3 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Term Papers

Open Document

Essay Preview

“One cannot not communicate“, (Watzlawick et al. 1967) because every behaviour, even if it is silent and may occur below the level of consciousness, reveals information about oneself. It remains doubtful, though, how far the disclosed information matches the way it got received. Even if non verbal communication is performed advisedly, may the sender always rest assured that his message reached the receiver correctly? In the light of intercultural differences it is highly dubiously. However, according to Charles Darwin (1872/1998), regarding facial expressions it is not: “[...] the same state of mind is expressed throughout the world with remarkable uniformity“

In his work The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals Darwin claims to have found out that the six most relevant feelings (happy, surprise, fear, disgust, anger, and sad) are reflected identically by facial expressions throughout the whole world, since we all share the same ancestors. This theory was considered as assured over many years. However, Rachael E. Jack (2012) challenges Darwin's statement by submitting that

“Cultural specificity in the facial expression models therefore
likely reflects differences in the facial expression signals transmitted
and encountered by observers in their social environment.“

Against the background of this, the present paper is in particular concerned with the cross-cultural similarities and differences of facial epressiveness, having the Asian and Western Culture in contemplation.

Verbal communication without moving any body parts is easily done, whereas speaking without allowing the face to move is rather impossible. Therefore, one can assume that facial expressiveness, besides speech, is the most common and important wa...

... middle of paper ...

...face reveals: basic and applied studies of spontaneous expression using the facial action coding system (FACS). 2nd ed 2. Oxford: Oxford University Press

SUSSKIND, J. M. et al., 2008. Generating Facial Expressions with Deep Belief Nets. In Affective Computing, Emotion Modelling, Synthesis and Recognition. Chapter 23

TANAKA, A. et al., 2010. Cultural Differences in the Multisensory Perception of Emotion. Psychological science, 21(9), 1259-1262

MATSUMOTO, D., B. WILLINGHAM, 2009. Spontaneous facial expressions of emotion of congenitally and noncongenitally blind individuals. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 96(1), 1-10

MORRIS, D., 2002. People Watching the Desmond Morris guide to body language. London: Vintage

AKECHI, H. et al. 2013. Attention to Eye Contact in the West and East: Autonomic Responses and Evaluative Ratings. PloS one, Vol.8(3), e59312

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Nonverbal Communication and Cultural Differences Essay

- Nonverbal communication has always played an important role in the entire communication process. It may include gestures, kinesics, haptics and other means, which a person incorporates into the communication process. These acts make the communication process more effective and meaningful. However, nonverbal communication is highly influenced by cultural differences as the context of the culture defines how the message is interpreted. This essay will analyse several types of nonverbal communication such as proxemics, haptics, kinesics, semiotics and paralinguistic....   [tags: Cultural Differences in Nonverbal Communication]

Term Papers
1651 words (4.7 pages)

Healthcare Varies Among Economic Differences Essay

- Today in the United States of America, the race and culture that a person is raised in determines the quality of health care he or she will receive for a lifetime. Minority patients tend to receive a lower quality of health care as opposed to patients who are the same race as their doctor. Minorities reported to be less satisfied with visits to the doctor (Schnittker and Liang 811). This action puts minority patients’ health at risk and can cause them many consequences in the long run....   [tags: culture, race, diseases, communicate, insurance]

Term Papers
1848 words (5.3 pages)

Impact of Cultural Differences on International Students Essay

- Globalization is an unavoidable trend in today’s age. People nowadays have more and more chances to interact with the whole world. Students study abroad to gain more advanced knowledge. Travelers travel all of the world to enrich their experiences. And even a small company starts to consider how to deal with international trade. More interactions happening mean more information exchanges. More information exchanges bring the result that more knowledge and wisdom are shared. As more and more knowledge and wisdom are shared, humans are walking forward together....   [tags: Cultural Differences Essays]

Term Papers
1074 words (3.1 pages)

The Importance of Understanding Cultural Differences in International Business Communications

- Due to globalization, organizations rely on international transactions to take place to keep their business running. Even with knowledge of how important international interactions are for their companies’ success, miscommunication occurs and someone involved in the transaction is left scratching his or her head. This is a result of the lack of cultural training and understanding. This paper will discuss the different implications that have been discussed in the international business world. This paper will address some of the common barriers in international business communications, the steps that have been taken to alleviate these problems, and future consideration for international busin...   [tags: international business, cultural diferences]

Term Papers
958 words (2.7 pages)

Essay on Cultural Differences in Communication

- The term “culture” refers to the complex accumulation of knowledge, folklore, language, rules, rituals, habits, lifestyles, attitudes, beliefs, and customs that link and provide a general identity to a group of people. Cultures take a long time to develop. There are many things that establish identity give meaning to life, define what one becomes, and how one should behave. Distribution and exercise of power shape attitudes towards authority. How people sustain themselves economically, and how they manage to obtain the necessities of life, determines assigned roles of individuals and the relationships among them....   [tags: Cross Cultural Communication]

Term Papers
1414 words (4 pages)

Cultural Differences and Intercultural Communication Challenges Essay

- ... These misconceptions and misrepresentations were the driving force that made me want to interview this gentleman for my cultural comparison report. As I approached my interviewee I explained to him my assignment and asked if he would be willing to answer a couple question about his culture. He eagerly agreed and seemed very happy that someone was generally interested in understanding his life. My cultural experience started almost immediately. When conversing with David in public the stigma was almost unbearable....   [tags: cultural identity, cultural history]

Term Papers
1777 words (5.1 pages)

Essay Reflection on Cultural Values and Women

- For centuries, nations have challenged one another for the reputation of cultural differences and religious identity. These quarrels are the foundation of rivalry that afflicts our world. Many of these argumentative civilizations foster the concept of confining and deprecating their women with a solitary objective to use them as an instrument for reproduction. In religions resembling Islam, women are subjected to societal restrictions, while women in the US have the same or similar rights as men....   [tags: Cultural Differences, Religious Identity]

Term Papers
1239 words (3.5 pages)

Cultural Differences Between Canada And Singapore Essay

- The cultural difference between Canada is huge. Both the countries are multicultural but Canada is more western in culture whereas Singapore are mostly dominated by Chinese, Malay, and Indian culture. According to the Greet Hofstede Model, The power distance in Singapore is 74 where in Canada it is 39, power distance shows the equality of people in society or culture and the distribution of power (Hofstede Centre, 2016). In Singapore, the distribution of power is not equal everyone is not treated same but in Canada the power is mostly distributed equally....   [tags: Geert Hofstede, Cross-cultural communication]

Term Papers
1139 words (3.3 pages)

Essay on Cultural Communities

- Rogoff (2003) argues that human are biologically cultural: “people develop as participants in cultural communities. Their development can be understood only in light of the cultural practices and circumstances of their communities- which also changes” (p. 3-4). According to Gonzalez- Mena (2003) understanding cultural differences can be confusing and no one can possibly know all about the culture of every family who might come into early childhood centres so does that allows the educators to throw their hand and give up....   [tags: Sociology, Cultural Differences]

Term Papers
1842 words (5.3 pages)

The Effect of Cultural Difference on Intercultural Marriage Essay

- The Effect of Cultural Difference on Intercultural Marriage As the world integrates, more and more people are leaving their mother lands to visit, study and work overseas. Young people now have more opportunities to meet prospective partners from other cultures than they had in the past. “The number of intercultural couples is increasing worldwide.” (Klein, par.3) Many intercultural couples claim that their relationships do not differentiate from monoculture relationships at first. Passionate love bonds them....   [tags: Marriage Love Culture Cultural Essays]

Term Papers
1230 words (3.5 pages)