Baccalaureate-prepared nurses should demonstrate cultural awareness and competence in their practice in order to provide quality care to diverse populations in the society (Kersey-Matusiak, 2012). The US health care system faces disparities in the health status of different cultural groups such as the racial and ethnic minorities, the economically disadvantaged groups and rural populations (Jeffreys, 2006). Cultural competence refers to the attitudes, knowledge, and skills that are necessary for providing care in diverse populations and I believe that I have acquired personal cultural awareness and competence (Weber & Kelly, 2009). I am able to promote social justice by remaining impartial and objective while providing care to clients from different cultural background. In this case, I am committed to the health of vulnerable populations in order to eliminate health disparities and promote access of care among the disadvantaged groups in the society. The American Nurses Association (ANA) requires nurses to understand how cultural groups define health and illness and how cultural backgrounds influence how the groups perceive the healing process (Kersey-Matusiak, 2012).
According to the results of my self-assessment, I am able to construct a genogram of my family for the last three generations from both my father’s and mother’s side and I am aware of my cultural heritage. I am aware of the impact of culture on attitudes, traditions and behavior and how different communication styles affect individuals, families and communities. In this case, I value and respect cultural differences and I am able to recruit clients from different races, ethnic groups and cultures in the community. ...
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...g care and lead to negative nursing outcomes (Andrews & Boyle, 2008).
According to culturally competent nursing, nurses should engage in critical reflection of their own values, beliefs and cultural heritage in order to gain personal cultural competence and how these values integrate in a culturally congruent nursing. The self-assessment has demonstrated that I am able to deliver culturally congruent nursing care due to my critical reflection, knowledge of cultures and cross-cultural communication abilities. I am able to avoid prejudices, stereotypes and biases that may hinder the delivery of culturally competent care due to my understanding and respect for different cultures. In addition, I am able to form trustful relationships with clients and understand their personal perceptions towards the available treatment alternatives (Cowen & Moorhead, 2011).
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