Cultural competence is defined as the ability to understand, honor, and respect the beliefs, lifestyle, attitudes, and behaviour of others.1 In order for a health care professional like a Physical Therapist to better understand Cultural competence it will need an individual the capacity to : (1) value diversity, (2) conduct self-assessment, (3)manage the dynamics of difference, (4) acquire and institutionalize cultural knowledge, and (5) adapt to the diversity and cultural contexts of the individuals and communities served.2
Culture defined as “ an integrated pattern of human behavior that include the language, thoughts, communications, actions, customs, beliefs, values, and institutions of racial, ethnic, or social groups.”3 Competence refers to “the capacity to function effectively as an individual and an organization within the context of the cultural beliefs, behaviours, and needs presented by consumers and their communities.”4
Physical Therapist is a health care professional that works in a very diverse settings. Valuing diversity is showing respect for a person or a group of different backgrounds, beliefs, and cultures. I believe that cultural awareness and sensitivity is fundamental to provide better care, avoid misconceptions between the therapist, patients, families, and between colleague.That will help gain patient’s compliance and successful outcome of the rendered services.
Theorist Dr. Josepha Campinha-Bacote developed the Culturally Competent
Model of Care, which identifies five constructs of cultural competence: cultural awareness
(a self-reflection of one’s own biases), cultural knowledge (obtaining information about different cultures), cultural skill (conducting an assessment of cultur...
... middle of paper ...
...tter understand and serve a diverse community..
The Physical Therapy profession provides care for people with diverse culture. Fundamental knowledge, understanding and recognizing cultural beliefs, tradition, and behavior is an integral part of Cultural Competence. This will benefit all Physical therapists to integrate patient’s belief and practice in the plan of care.
In conclusion, Cultural competence is a broad, complicated yet very interesting. As a part of a minority group, I thought, I already have the understanding towards diversity. But as I read and further understand the importance of Cultural competence, people from different background, healthcare provider, healthcare institution, and the government should work hand in hand in order to free us from prejudice and allow people from different cultures to interact with each other with integrity and respect.
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