One of the most central aspects of the god Dionysus was his importance in theater. He had three distinguished festivals dedicated to theater: the Lenaia and the lesser and greater Dionysia. In order to understand these festivals, one must first understand the meaning of theater and how it relates to Dionysus throughout Athenian history, and in classical Athens. Many items used in Athenian theater were, from an early origin, directly and religiously related to Dionysus, such as costumes and masks. Plays were in a way a form of worship of the god of theater, and Athenians did so through dance and music, and also through things like miracle plays. Dionysus was sometimes even thought to be present during the plays that honored him, a concept that was popular...
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..."The Journal of Hellenic Studies , 107 (1987): 58.
H.W. Parke, Festivals of the Athenians, (Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press, 1977), 125.
Scholars have noted Classical and Hellenistic differences in this procession, as the ephebes lead the procession in the latter.
H.W. Parke, Festivals of the Athenians, (Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press, 1977), 127.
Martin Revermann, "The Competence of Theatre Audiences in Fifth- and Fourth-Century Athens," The Journal of Hellenic Studies, 126 (2006): 99-124.
H.W. Parke, Festivals of the Athenians, (Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press, 1977), 128.
Simon Goldhill, "The Great Dionysia and Civic Ideology,"The Journal of Hellenic Studies , 107 (1987): 60.
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