Cuba, while extremely beautiful and rich in resources, the island nation has a long and somewhat turbulent history. When the Cubans gained their independence from Spain 1902, after hundreds of years of occupation and oppression, the years that followed were ripe with instability. There were numbers of revolts, coups, corruption, and even periods of U.S. involvement. All of this turmoil crescendoed when the former soldier and president of Cuba, Fulgencio Batista, assumed power through a successful coup, canceling the 1952 elections. Batista ruled over Cuba as a ruthless dictator, having complete control over university, press and congress. He jailed and was not afraid to torture all that stood in his way. As if this was not enough, he allowed American companies and organized crime to dominate the Cuban economy. This lead to very high unemployment and much unrest amongst the Cuban people, especially for a 26 year old lawyer and activist running for congress named Fidel Castro.
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...t leaders to the people. When first starting off, Che and Fidel began by broadcasting over shortwave radio, meaning that much of eastern Cuba couldn 't hear their broadcasts. Because of this, many of the earlier broadcasts were targeted at foreign listeners as much as they were towards the people of Cuba. In Fidel’s first speech, he opened up by appealing “ to the public opinion in Cuba and to the free peoples of Latin America” and stated his criticisms of democratic governments over their tolerance of the brutal Batista regime. Radio Rebelde had a major impact. Many Latin American countries such as Costa Rica, Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, and Argentina, recorded and retransmitted broadcasts made on the underground radio station. Radio Rebelde greatly aided Fidel and his agenda; Batista was now on the defensive and Fidel continued to be portrayed as the hero of Cuba.
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