The sharp shift from democratization during the Cold War to isolation post-9/11 resulted in the lowest point in U.S.-Latin American relations ever. Between 1989 and 1995, the United States reached a high point in relations; the Brady debt-relief proposal relieved Latin American countries; the North American Free Trade Agreement was signed; the United States was the undisputed hemispheric power (Hakim 39). Relations began to slip in 1996 when Congress added further restrictions to the embargo in the Helms-Burton Act. Later, President Clinton expanded the embargo to prevent foreign subsidiaries of American companies from trading with Cuba (Siegelbaum). After 9/11, American focus shifted away from Latin America. This moment was inevitable after a culmination of Washington’s leadership failures; both Bill Clinton and George W. Bush were unwilling to stand up to powerful domestic constituencies (Hakim 39-40). As the United States began waging its war on terror...
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...pera Mundi. Opera Mundi, 29 May 2013. Web. 11 Dec. 2013. < http://operamundi.uol.com.br/conteudo/opiniao/29149/ong+britanica+e+vitima+das+sancoes+economicas+dos+estados+unidos+contra+cuba.shtml>.
NBC World News. “Cuba issue deals blow to US stature at ‘Summit of the Americas’.” NBC, 15 Apr. 2012. Web. 11 Dec. 2013.
Perez, David. “The Way Forward: A Policy Recommendation for the U.S. State Department.” Harvard Latino Law Review 13 (2010): 187. Web. 9 Dec. 2013.
Roosevelt, Theodore. “Theodore Roosevelt’s Annual Message to Congress for 1904”; House Records HR 58A-K2; Records of the U.S. House of Representatives; Record Group 233; Center for Legislative Archives; National Archives
Siegelbaum, Portia. “Cuba: U.S. embargo causes $1 trillion in losses.” CBS News, 14 Sept. 2011. Web. 9 Dec. 2013. < http://www.cbsnews.com/news/cuba-us-embargo-causes-1-trillion-in-losses/>.
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