Cuba is the largest single island of the West Indies archipelago and one of the more influential states of the Caribbean region. After discovery by Christopher Columbus on October 27, 1492, the Spanish conquistador Diego Velazquez de Cuellar established a permanent settlement with 300 Spaniards in the town of Baracoa on the northeastern coast of Cuba in 1511. Spain relies heavily on Cuba as their main source of pure sugar. This earned Cuba the nickname Pearl of the Antilles for its vast beautiful region during the 18th century. The country has an unusual geographical and cultural unity that has given the Cuban people a strong sense of identity and a pride in their heritage.
The Cuban people have an extremely diverse culture and ethnic background. In the 15th century, the native Ciboney and Guanahatabey on the western coast inhabited Cuba. The Taino people occupied the rest of the island. The estimated total population was 600,000. The actual total was around 75,000. The Ciboney tribe were people of peace that relied on resources from the sea, mainly shells to create many of their day-to-day tools’. Unfortunately, by the time of European contact, they relocated to the western Hispaniola also known as Haiti due to their powerful Taino neighbours to exclude a few isolated locales. The only thing known about the Guanahatabey is that they were hunters and gatherers whom resided on the western side of Cuba around 4000 BCE. The Taino tribe were the first encountered by the Europeans and occupied most of the island. They had a strong knowledge of agriculture and ability to grow stable food. The Taino’s also would burn the forest, and then pile the ashes into a mound as fertilizer, which was tended to, and irr...
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... of your skin or were your family originated if you were born in Cuba you are Cuban. Although there are prejudices’ that go on in Cuba, there is not racism. The United States government had a large influence over Cuban lifestyle in the 1950’s, but due corrupt Cuban leadership backed by the US, they lost faith and became allies with Russia. The United States Navy suffered the biggest blow from this action. If the United States and Cuba remained allies, the United States could use the Havana ports as a Naval Station. The location of this Station protects against air and sea attack, and maintains the ability to launch numerous counter attacks due to it secluded location. In the end, Cuba is a beautiful country renowned for its beaches, tourism, music, culture, and strategic location. It is essential that the United States attempt to repair its relationship with Cuba.
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