The Republic of Cuba, as it is officially named, is a little country located in the Caribbean. Cuba is the greatest island in the Caribbean and it has over 11 million native habitants, making it be the second most populated after Hispaniola. Even though the capital of Cuba is Havana, its biggest city, the main island of it is Isla de la Juventud. Cuba also has a few of archipelagos and the second greatest city is Santiago de Cuba. The island is as close to The United States as 93 miles away and from Mexico as 130 miles away. In addition there are many countries close to the island like Jamaica, Haiti, the Dominican Republic and the Bahamas, just to name a few. In addition, Cuba is a beautiful country which has many places to visit and to know about its history. This beautiful island has a varied culture, customs, and people that derive from different origins such as during the insertion of African slaves, the interval of Spanish colonialism, and the association with the Soviet Union. In general, Cuba is a quiet place where anybody can go to visit.
Previous to the landing of Christopher Columbus, the explorer who discovered Cuba in 1492, it was populated by numerous Amerindian people (best known as tribes) named the Taino, Ciboney, and Guanajatabey ones. These native Tainos named the island of Cuba “Coabana” and they were farmers while on the other hand, the Ciboney were farmers, hunter-gatherers, and fishers. Cuba was a colony of Spain unto the Spanish-American war in 1898. After this, Cuba gained its nominal independence.
Many years later Gerardo Machado became president in the island of Cuba from 1925 to 1933. Some years later he immigrated to the United States, being this ...
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...was a trading port in its beginning and also suffered several attacks by pirates, buccaneers and French corsairs. Vessels from all over the world brought products first to Havana with the purpose to be taken by the navy to Spain. The thousands of vessels gathered in the bay of the city charged Havana’s manufacture and agriculture, in order to be stored with the products needed to travel in the ocean like water, food, etc.
In the 17th century, new buildings were built from the richest materials of the island, principally wood, combining architectural styles with the lending from Canarian style. After having retaken the city, the Spanish converted Havana into the most strongly fortified city in America. Constructions began on what was named as Fortress of San Carlos de la Cabana, being the third largest Spanish fortification in the New World after Fort San Cristobal.
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