This essay shall investigate whether A.J.P Taylor’s theory of imperialism can sufficiently explain the colonisation of Africa. It shall also explore the decolonisation of Africa, to see whether “political and diplomatic aims” were a continuous factor in European imperialism. This shall be done by examining further developments of his theories, as well as criticisms. For example, D.K Fieldhouse argued that there needed to be a “greater emphasis on economic reasons” as well as elements of “formal and informal empires” (Robinson and Gallagher) throughout the colonisation of Africa. In addition, by analysing the colonisation of diverse African coun...
... middle of paper ...
... Power, it is generally agreed that “if any nation had upset the world’s balance of power, it was Great Britain.” . Compared to countries such as Germany, Britain was not pursing in Africa purely for appearance and saving face. According to Kennedy, “nothing frightened Britain imperialists’ more than economic decline” because of the disastrous impact upon British power. It was argued that colonisation in Africa was used for “imperial defence” It would “fight for the preservation of the European balance of power.” This appears to support Taylor’s claim that the balance of European power was delicately composed, therefore the colonisation in Africa did not occur for economic interests. It was to preserve the balance power.
J. Steinberg, The Copenhagen Complex, 1966
Paul Kennedy, The Rise and Fall of Great Powers, 1988
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- In 1850, only a small chunk of Africa was governed by foreign rulers. By 1914, almost all African land was owned by European powers. The late 19th and early 20th centuries were a huge competition for land as European countries such as Britain, Germany, France, and Belgium competed to claim African land, and thus power and resources. After abolishing the slave trade, European countries continued to trade with Africa for various exotic resources. European businesses would often create treaties with African leaders to gain exclusive trading rights in a region.... [tags: Colonialism, Africa, Atlantic slave trade, Europe]
1096 words (3.1 pages)
- The explanations for Europe’s colonization of Africa, then, are as diverse and manifold as the conjectures of history will allow. It is likely that each supposition contains some elements of reality and holds some explanatory power. However, it is probably the combination of several suppositions that is best suited to capture the motivating factors. It becomes us to bear in mind that the conquest of Africa was not carried out by a monolithic entity with a single set of objectives. Consequently, the question “Why did Europe colonize Africa?” demands a thorough exploration of all factors, domestic and foreign, influencing a particular state’s conquest in a particular part of the African contin... [tags: Africa, West Africa, Atlantic slave trade]
727 words (2.1 pages)
- How did European colonisation of the Americas affect the society and culture of the continent’s indigenous people up to 1650. Focus on colonial region of Mexico The European colonisation of the Americas is often portrayed as a definitive turning point in which the culture of the natives was instantly driven to extinction (or at least altered beyond recognition). While this is certainly true in some cases, such as for the natives living on Caribbean islands, in other cases it is fair to say that native culture saw relative continuation.... [tags: Colonialism, Spanish colonization of the Americas]
1502 words (4.3 pages)
- After British found out there were much mineral in South Africa, so British decided to fought with Germany, called Boer Battle. After took over Germany, British colonize South Africa for more than fifty years. During these years, South Africa change a lot, especially in Food, language, political system and clothing. First of all, food has very big changes. Before the Europeans came to South Africa, South Africans even do not often have poultry for meal, they often hunt the wild animals for meal.... [tags: south africa, zulu, boer battle]
595 words (1.7 pages)
- Inevitability of the African colonisation Before I begin to discuss the question of the inevitability of the colonisation of Africa by the European powers I want to say that, colonisation as we know it; the taking over of a country by another country and the forcing on of a different culture, is always evitable. At least it should be. However we have to include the fact that we’re all human beings which think their own good superior to the one of others, and of course that we’re all creatures which are enormously curious of the unknown.... [tags: Papers]
895 words (2.6 pages)
- The Scramble for Africa took place during the period of time around 1880 until 1914. During this time Africa found itself being split up and divided amongst several European countries. In essence Africa was like a fresh baked pie and everyone wanted a slice. Several factors were the cause of this major land grab being Nationalism, Imperialism and to say the least pure greed. The British were the more dominant entity in the scramble and their main interests in the beginning were to acquire and protect sea routes to India.... [tags: Geopolitics / History]
887 words (2.5 pages)
- The coming of the Europeans led to the colonisation of the region by the powerful European colonies such as England, Spain, and Portugal, etc. was aided by various expeditions that led to the discovery of North America. Christopher Columbus played an important part in the exploration of the American continent which shed more light on the existence of North American lands that were good for both agriculture and other developmental abilities. This paper examines the extent that the European colonisation of North America was a utopian experiment.... [tags: United States, North America, Colonialism, Utopia]
1177 words (3.4 pages)
- The Negative Affects of Colonization of Africa The article “The Supposed Benefits of Colonialism to Africa” denied all claims of Africa benefiting from colonization and strived to prove that colonists had a predominately negative affect on the continent. Europeans came to Africa to exploit the natives and use all of their rich natural resources to support capitalism. So, all of their decisions were made in the interest of the metropoles: medicine, transportation, and the banking system were no exception.... [tags: Papers]
461 words (1.3 pages)
- The Colonization of Modern Africa Many of today's distant countries are underdeveloped or not developed at all. People are going through famine and even dieing of starvation. These countries have demanding governments, and not enough money. Many countries with in Africa are just like this. The colonization of modern Africa has had many life changing effects on the people of Africa. Some of the effects of colonization are on the governments, the farming system, and the educational value. Colonization has greatly effected the governments of Africa.... [tags: Colonialism Imperialism]
347 words (1 pages)
- The De-Colonization of Africa When a country such as South Africa, or for that matter most African nations, changes governing power, a sufficiently stable social basis is vital to the survival and consolidation of the new political system and transition to democracy. The history of the de-colonization of Africa forewarned South Africa allowing it to prepare for the ensuing changes it faced in the early nineties. South Africa made adequate reforms in its military in order to make the transition to democracy smooth, peaceful, and successful however despite its efforts many of the formal political changes in South Africa were not accompanied by sufficient social change.... [tags: Papers]
2904 words (8.3 pages)