Through the 11th century, much of Europe was nominally Christian. Marriages took place in the church. Each believer had pastoral care. Last rites were given for dying people. Every child was baptized. Beneath the Christian crust, however, Europe had little resemblance to the Kingdom of God. A lot of hardship for commoners was caused by the constant conflict between Christian princes and nobles who were land hungry. Urban II became pope in 1088. He intended to reform his papacy and end the fruitless dispute between his predecessor Gregory VII and German King Henry IV. Urban fervently desired to unite all of Christendom together but lacked inspiration as to how to make it happen. He would soon receive his inspiration. Up until this point, for hundreds of years, European believers had safely traveled to Christ’s birthplace to worship Him. During the seventh century, even as Islam grew and spread in the Near East, Muslims did nothing to interrupt the flow of Christian traffic. These peaceful pilgrimages grew so popular in the latter part of the tenth century; ...
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...t have the true love of Christ in their heart or mind when they considered each crusade. For if they had, they surely would have gone, not with sword but with scripture in mind and love in their heart and their enemies salvation as their motivation.
Curtis, A. Kenneth, J. Stephen Lang, and Randy Petersen. The 100 Most Important Events in Christian History. New ed. Grand Rapids, MI: Revell, 1998.
Babcock, PH.D Michael A. The Story of Western Culture. 2nd ed. publication place: HPS Publishing, 2012.
Shelley, Bruce L. Church History in Plain Language, 3rd Edition. 3rd ed. Nashville: Thomas
Runciman, Stephen. A History of the Crusades. Cambridge: Cambridge university Press, 1951.
Kreis, Steven. “” The History Guide. February 28, 2006. Accessed December 7, 2013. http://www.historyguide.org/ancient/children.html.
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