Cross Cultural Counseling As A Discipline Within The Historical And Social Context Of The Country

Cross Cultural Counseling As A Discipline Within The Historical And Social Context Of The Country

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Cross-cultural counseling has become a major force in the profession significantly impacting theory and practice. As the 21st century continues to progress, it is increasingly evident that counselors must become ever more competent with respect to issues of multiculturalism and diversity. As our society continues to diversify, many client or training counselors seeking to develop a cultural identity based up these multiple dimensions are often faced with difficulties in this process. Innumerable immigrants to the US often confront challenges with the process of adapting to the cultural traits or social patterns of another group. And counselors who claim to be culturally competent must group his or her practice with a solid understanding of the history and social movement which shape it. This means understanding the history of multicultural counseling as a discipline within the historical and social context of the country (Lee, C.C. 1995).Therefore, the multicultural Counselors when assessing clients should select and use with caution assessment techniques normed on populations other than that of the client. Counselors should recognize the effects of age, color, culture, disability, ethnic group, gender, race, language preference, religion, spirituality, sexual orientation, and socioeconomic status on test administration and interpretation, and place test results in proper perspective with other relevant factors (ACA, 2014). Professional ethics compel counselors to ensure that their cultural values and biases do not override those of the client (ACA, 2005).
For instance, Gil a 40-year-old Mexican American man has been married for more than 15 years to his high school sweetheart and they have two children. Gil owns a fleet of s...


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...most important stumbling block to effective multicultural counseling and assessment (Romero, 1985). Language barriers also impede the counseling process. The complexity of the client thoughts and feelings or resist discussing effectively charged issues, and counselors, may become frustrated by their lack of bilingual ability, leading to misdiagnosis and inappropriate treatment (Romero, 1985). However, steps that can be taken to ensure that counseling a client is both culturally competent and ethical is that counselors obtain proper trainings. Cultural competence requires that people at all levels learn to value diversity. For cultural competence training just as it would for other forms of continuing education. A culture of learning, where self-assessment and staff development are regular program activities, lends itself to cultural competence (SAMHSA, 2006).

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