Expectancy theory is one of the most widely used motivation theory. It is first proposed by Victor Vroom Yale School of Management in 1964. This theory is well supported by many evidence, and believe that the degree how people would act in a certain way depends on the strength of an expectation that the act will be followed by a given outcome, and on the attractiveness of that outcome to the individual.(Robbins et al. 2008) Two research-based articles which used expectancy theory to examine the factors impact target object in different circumstances are compared in this critique article.
These two articles are both scholarly and on the base of research in universities from U.S. And they also have similar aims toward different objects. The aim of Chen Y et al (2006) article is to examine key factors that motivate members of business faculty to increase productivity of research by applying expectancy theory. To reach this aim, authors investigated 10 business schools in U.S, test several propositions. The primary aim of Geiger M et al (1998) article is to use expectancy theory to assess motivation of accounting student in non-U.S. cultures. This article also tests expectancy theory if it is effective in multinational setting. This is because two studies which have similar aim had been conducted before this article in the United States. Both articles clearly expressed their content though their articles’ titles. In addition, this article tested whether Hofstede’s five culture indices related to expectancy theory or not. Hence, Geiger et al (1998) article clearly have broader horizon of subject. And by skimming the titles, reader could easily catch the main purposes within these...
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...ticle is Hofesded’s culture dimensions were tested to be considerably correlated with expectancy theory components that were examined. It proved that motivation of students is culturally affected. This finding provided a way that motivating students from different cultures to perform better by using various motivators.
Chen Y, Gupta A, Hoshower L. (2006) Factors That Motivate Business Faculty to Conduct Research: An Expectancy Theory Analysis. Journal of Education for Business. 81, 4, pp. 179-189
Geiger M, Cooper E, Hussain I, O'Connell B, et al. (1998) Cross-cultural comparisons: Using expectancy theory to assess student motivation: An international replication. Accounting Education. 13, 1, pp 139-157
Geiger, M. A., and E. A. Cooper. 1996. Using expectancy theory to assess student
motivation. Issues in Accounting Education (Spring): 113-129
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