The critical tasks of law enforcement agencies are to provide order, protect, serve and enable people to feel safe and secure. Dominant trends in policing innovation over the last two decades include community and problem-oriented policing. However, the tragic events of September 2001 have left the United States confronted with the requirement for a new style of policing which reflects a movement toward enhanced domestic security, Homeland Security. “Preparation for an attack that could come at any time, affect any number of targets, and result in casualties and damage to people and national infrastructure” (Gaines & Wordall, 2012, p. 62) is the essence of Homeland Security. Consequently, while crime prevention will always be a desired outcome, preventing future terrorist attacks is the new challenge to law enforcement in the United States today.
The department’s organizational environment consists of both external and internal factors and effective policing is not just issuing citations and arresting offenders, it also involves the proactive use of problem-solving approaches where the work is done in close partnership with the communities they serve. A combination of efforts might help to bring positive outcomes and result in the avoidance of the occurrence of terrorist attacks in the future.
The modern model of policing presents many challenges and complexities for law enforcement, which for successful programs and the...
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...them to fight crime and address community concerns, and the community relies on the police to curb disorder and help in times of emergency. Subsequently, the primary goal is working cooperatively with individual citizens, groups of citizens and both public and private organizations to resolve issues which potentially affect the livability of specific neighborhoods, areas, or the city as a whole. Given the complexities of today’s policing, police must first explore ways to develop trust and, thereby better engage their communities in problem solving. Gaining, building and maintaining trusts, requires police accountability to the citizens of the communities they serve. Issues such as excessive force, police corruptions, rudeness and other negative factors can be instrumental in destroying trust, thus preventing acceptance of the police department’s from the community.
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