Essay about Critical Social Theory and Critical Education Theory

Essay about Critical Social Theory and Critical Education Theory

Length: 1079 words (3.1 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Good Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Chapter 2: Theoretical Framework: Critical Social Theory and Critical Education Theory

Many social issues occur in public and private schools concerning race, class, and gender. These social issues can be analyzed using the lens of critical social theory and critical education theory. These theoretical frameworks capture the social issues that occur in public and private schools and relate them to the society as a whole. More specifically, the critical social theory and critical education theory considers the relationship between social change and social struggle (Clark, 2006). I will discuss below how critical social theory and critical education theory relates to the social issues found in public and private education institutions, but first I will discuss the basics of critical theory and critical social theory.
Critical Theory
In general, critical theory points out that societies of the West are problematically democratic and free (Denzin & Lincoln, 2005). Critical researchers understand the relationship between social structures and ideological patterns of thought, especially concerning the limiting of confronting and changing unjust social systems (Clark, 2006). Critical theorists and researchers apply their work to criticize social issues in education systems and create basic assumptions about those social situations (Kincheloe & McLaren, 2005).
Critical Social Theory
Critical social theory is a broader category of theoretical production than critical theory and includes subsets such as sociological theory, race and ethnic theory, cultural theory and literary theory (Leonardo, 2004). This theory was used predominantly in the Frankfurt School in Germany (Leonardo et al 2004).
A critical social theorist is p...

... middle of paper ...

...t parents are presented with the option to enroll their child in another school, but in most cases low socioeconomic families cannot afford to take their child out of a poor performing public school and into better performing public schools or private schools. This is because the parents have an inability to make enough money to provide transportation to take their children to schools outside of their neighborhood community.
There are social struggles that are observed in society. Those same struggles are also noticed in public and private schools. They stem from inequalities in race and socioeconomic class. By using the lens of critical social theory and critical education theory, those struggles are recognized and interpreted. In my next chapter, I will discuss what methods of data collection I used in my study and the specifics of my study.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Critical Theory- A Social Theory Essay

- “Critical Theory is a theory seeking emancipation and change in a dominant social order” (Baran & Davis, 2012). Critical theory is a social theory that deals with different aspects of society. It tends to critique cultures that include: media, advertising and consumer culture. Moreover, Critical theory is also used to study how education is dealt with using information technology and it also concentrates on social relationships that are social, political and economic. The critical theory is known to be one of the theories that have been defined in different ways by different theorists depending on how they understood the theory....   [tags: Emancipation, Dominant Social Order, Theory]

Good Essays
1323 words (3.8 pages)

Critical Pedagogy in Social Studies Education Essay

- Since the early twentieth century, educational theorists and researchers debated often about topics concerning the validity, purposes, and best approach to public education and the social studies discipline in the United States. Since the adoption of Ralph Tyler’s teacher-centered, essentialist approach to curriculum, John Dewey’s call for progressive reform and student-centered learning, and Paolo Freire’s call for an education that advocates social change and the destruction of social oppression, education pundits found themselves stuck between different goals, outcomes, and possibilities for teaching social studies....   [tags: Education ]

Good Essays
2408 words (6.9 pages)

Essay about Introducing Critical Theory in the High School Curriculum

- Higher education institutions, especially those dedicated to liberal arts, recently experienced a revolution in the way culture and societies are constructed and analyzed. The gradual introduction of critical theory provided a new framework for understanding cultural productions. In the specific context of literature, critical theory is a reader-response base analysis and criticism of written works. Critical theory is distinguished from other forms of theory in that it “seeks human emancipation.” (James)....   [tags: higher education, liberal arts]

Good Essays
1229 words (3.5 pages)

Kaupapa Māori Theory and Critical Theory Essay

- Discuss how Kaupapa Māori Theory and Critical Theory are similar to one another and yet differ from Deficit Theory. Use examples and references to support your claims. Remember your examples should relate to an educational setting. For many eons the roots of kaupapa Māori theory have grown in Aotearoa by virtue of being the Māori ideology: a philosophical doctrine, incorporating the knowledge, skills, attitudes and values of Māori society; whereas critical theory was developed in the “Frankfurt School “in Europe, in the 1930s....   [tags: Education, Philosophy]

Good Essays
2044 words (5.8 pages)

Description of the Instructional Design Theory on Education Essay

- A definition of instructional design theory is a theory that offers guidance and direction in the field of education to better help people learn and develop (Reigeluth, 1983, p. 5). The kinds of learning and development may vary and include cognitive, emotional, spiritual, physical, and social foundations. The learner may receive this knowledge in any number of methods including face-to-face teacher-lead learning, facilitated online student-focused learning, and any number of hybrid or mixed formats....   [tags: Educational theory, teaching, teacher]

Good Essays
2172 words (6.2 pages)

Critical "Whiteness" in Education Essay example

- Theoretical Framework of the Study As seen in the previous literature, empirical research in the last twenty years reveals the positive student outcomes associated to service-learning. However, as Susan Jones (2002) argues, “the student’s ability to engage with all aspects of their service-learning courses depends on the interaction of their own sociocultural backgrounds, developmental readiness for such learning to occur, and the privileging conditions that situate college students in community service organizations in the first place.”Accordingly, different complexities may emerge when students “engage with ill structured, complex social issues present in the community service settings ty...   [tags: Education]

Good Essays
1178 words (3.4 pages)

Essay about Critical "Whiteness" in Education

- Theoretical Framework of the Study As seen in the previous literature, empirical research in the last twenty years reveals the positive student outcomes associated to service-learning. However, as Susan Jones (2002) argues, student’s ability to actively participate in all aspects of their service-learning experience depends on “the intersection of the student’s own background. . . , developmental readiness for such a learning experience, and the privileging conditions that put a college student in a community service organization as a volunteer in the first place” (p....   [tags: Education]

Good Essays
1182 words (3.4 pages)

The Critical Race Theory Essay

- Introduction We live in a society where race is seen as a vital part of our personalities, the lack of racial identity is very often an important factor which prevent people from not having their own identity (Omi & Winant, 1993). Racism is extemely ingrained in our society and it seems ordinary (Delgado & Stefanic, 2000), however, many people denounce the expression of any racist belief as immoral (Miles & Brown, 2003) highlighting the complicated nature of racism. Critical Race Theory tries to shed light on the issue of racism claiming that racism is ingrained in our society both in legal, cultural, and psychological aspects of social life (Tate, 1997)....   [tags: Origins, Tools, Key Themes]

Good Essays
1863 words (5.3 pages)

Theoretical Perspective on Education Essay

- Theoretical perspective on education Gender and education: From a sociological viewpoint, refers to the thought that the educational structure does not offer females the equal sort of opportunities for upward mobility, the same as it does for males. This is a form of sex inequity being applied in the education system affect women both for the duration of and after their educational practices Social stratification Theory First of all it is important to understand that in the whole world Gender is the basis of social stratification....   [tags: Education]

Good Essays
2213 words (6.3 pages)

Using Wikis in Education Essay

- The diffusion of online tools in education is increasing exponentially. Sener (2010) cites an increase of online class enrollees from 1.6 million in 2002 to 5.6 million in 2009. Moloney and Oakley (2010) predict an annual increase of 20% over the next few years of participants in online education. In order to meet the needs of a changing student population, educators must be aware of the myriad of tools available to enhance learning. This paper presents the use of wikis in education and evaluates the wiki’s effectiveness according to Chickering and Gamson’s Seven Principles of Good Practice (as cited in Hoskins, 2010)....   [tags: Education]

Good Essays
1789 words (5.1 pages)