The Critical Schools of Social Psychology Essays

The Critical Schools of Social Psychology Essays

Length: 1407 words (4 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Powerful Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

The critical schools of social psychology came about in response to a growing dissatisfaction with the scientific paradigm that had become entrenched in psychology in the first half of the twentieth century. Social psychology developed two separate strands, the Psychological Social Psychology strand, in America, and the Sociological Social Psychology schools in Europe. While the American school developed into an experimental, empiricist discipline that relied on the scientific method, the European traditions became more qualitative, with one example being the phenomenological school that believed it was more important to look at experience rather than explanation.
Cognitive social psychology emerged in the mid-twentieth century as a critique of the dominant behaviourist movement and quickly became the main force behind the American school of Psychological Social Psychology. (Hollway, 2007). With its roots in mainstream psychology, cognitive social psychology has a primarily quantitative methodology, relying heavily on statistical methods in controlled conditions, and adheres to the hypothetico-deductive paradigm found in other sciences. The main focus of this form of social psychology is on how the individual behaves in controlled situations and this is examined through experiments and social psychometric data gathering.
In the laboratory it is possible to observe people’s behaviour in a carefully controlled environment. This makes it possible for the cognitive social psychologist to “disentangle cause and effect” by isolating the various parts of a theory that can be measured and designing the experiment to ensure that only those are measured (Jetten, 2007). The experimental method is part of the empirical tradition of ...

... middle of paper ...

...psychology may be possible.

Spears, R. (2007) as cited in Hollway, W. (2007) 'Methods and Knowledge in Social Psychology', in Wendy, H., Lucey, H. and Phoenix, A. (ed.) Social Psychology Matters, Milton Keynes: The Open University.
Hollway, W. (2007) 'Methods and Knowledge in Social Psychology', in Wendy, H., Lucey, H. and Phoenix, A. (ed.) Social Psychology Matters, Milton Keynes: The Open University.
Hollway, W. (2007) 'Social Psychology: Past and Present', in Hollway, W., Lucey, H. and Phoenix, A. (ed.) Social Psychology Matters, Milton Keynes: The Open University.
Jetten, J. (2007) in DVD 1: Contemporary Methods and Perspectives (DD307), The Open University.
Haslam, A. (2007) in DVD 1: Contemporary Methods and Perspectives (DD307), The Open University.
Finlay, L. (2007) in DVD 1: Contemporary Methods and Perspectives (DD307), The Open University.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay on My Interest On Psychology : Psychology

- ... I find each of the schools within the Psychology field fascinating and each have their own studies which I find very interesting, both in what the study involved and what the findings were. One of the most interesting topics I have done this year In the Psychology subject was the topic of Addiction, where we looked into the subject, watched documentaries from addicts point of view and did presentations. It also left an impression on me, as, in the future I intend to become a Psychologist. So I know that this is one of the areas in particular that Psychologists look at and may see patients who are addicts or ex-addicts....   [tags: Psychology, Motivation, Social sciences]

Powerful Essays
935 words (2.7 pages)

Essay on Exploring Psychology Careers : Psychology

- Exploring Psychology Careers Erin McLinsky PSY/305 April 25, 2016 Dr. Sheila Rapa Exploring Psychology Careers There are numerous benefits to students who decide to major in psychology. According to Landrum and Davis (2007), some of the benefits to majoring in psychology include, “having a well-defined vocabulary and basic knowledge of the critical subject matter in psychology; valuing the intellectual challenges required to use scientific thinking and the disciplined analysis of information to evaluate alternative courses of action; taking a creative and amiable skeptic approach to problem solving; applying psychological principles to personal, social, and organizational issues at work...   [tags: Psychology, Clinical psychology]

Powerful Essays
1230 words (3.5 pages)

Critical Theory- A Social Theory Essay

- “Critical Theory is a theory seeking emancipation and change in a dominant social order” (Baran & Davis, 2012). Critical theory is a social theory that deals with different aspects of society. It tends to critique cultures that include: media, advertising and consumer culture. Moreover, Critical theory is also used to study how education is dealt with using information technology and it also concentrates on social relationships that are social, political and economic. The critical theory is known to be one of the theories that have been defined in different ways by different theorists depending on how they understood the theory....   [tags: Emancipation, Dominant Social Order, Theory]

Powerful Essays
1323 words (3.8 pages)

The Field Of Clinical Psychology Essays

- The field of clinical psychology integrates the science of psychology with the treatment and assessment of complex psychological human problems, making it an exciting career choice. Further, the study of the mind will likely never “ end” such domain will always hold value. Clinical psychology is a fascinating science that is anxious with the assessment and treatment of mental illness, abnormal behavior, and psychiatric problems. This research will describe the career of clinical psychology, what is required to become a successful clinical psychologists, and the impact this career has on society....   [tags: Psychology, Clinical psychology, Psychiatry]

Powerful Essays
1258 words (3.6 pages)

Critical Review of a Psychology Research Article on Students Essay

- Research Issues in Psychology Critical Review of a Research Article Pupils who exhibit gifted characteristics along with another disability are referred to as ‘twice-exceptional students’ (Morrison, 2001; Nielsen 2002). This term is used in the article that I have chosen to review, which analyzes the responses and perceptions through interview, of one particular individual (Andrew) who was identified as being gifted and talented (G/T) and who had emotional and behavioral disabilities (EBD). What the researchers aimed to accomplish through this analysis was a clearer understanding of Andrew’s community and school experiences, as they stated that there was a lack of empirical data focusing up...   [tags: essays research papers Psychology]

Powerful Essays
1995 words (5.7 pages)

Psychology : Humanistic Psychology And Its Interactions Between Psychoanalytical And Behavioristic Psychologist

- The history of psychology dates back to the times of the ancient Greeks, and Chinese philosophers 4,000 years ago. During this time span numerous thinkers had strived to answer the riddle of the human mind. This paper will focus on the development of Humanistic Psychology primarily from the 1950’s to the present day. Humanistic Psychology had played an important role in the shaping of todays clinical applications for mental health. Also known as the Third Force, humanistic approach had offered a unique explanation for describing and assessing human behavior, which ran contrary to both behaviorism and psychodynamic theory that was popular at the time....   [tags: Psychology, Humanistic psychology, Thought]

Powerful Essays
2885 words (8.2 pages)

Comparing Childhood Studies And Child Psychology Essay

- Daniel Sorel Ionescu E3763179 Mrs Sheila Butler E102 Introduction to Childhood Studies and Child Psychology 19th of November 2015 Part 1. Comparing and contrasting childhood studies and child psychology What are the main features of childhood studies. The study of children and their development is a new interdisciplinary field unifying research from sociology, anthropology, development psychology, law, and healthcare. Childhood studies emerged from the universal need to understand children’s development, their susceptibility to external factors, and what it means to be a child from the child 's perspective....   [tags: Developmental psychology, Psychology]

Powerful Essays
1109 words (3.2 pages)

Psychology : Personality And Conscious Mind With Respect Essay

- Psychology is a broad term used in today’s society. It mainly deals with the study of the unconscious and conscious mind with respect to behavior, yet branches out into far more developed ideas. One idea is known as personality. Personality is unique to everyone. It exhibits how one behaves when placed in a certain situation, and is dependent on multiple psychological attributes. Qualities of a personality can either be negative or positive, for it is dependent on the individual’s actions and attitude towards the environment....   [tags: Psychology, Personality psychology]

Powerful Essays
1173 words (3.4 pages)

Social Psychology: The Study of Influences Essay

- Since the beginning of humanity, people have attempted to understand behavior. Rather it is a mother trying to understand her son adamant dislike for broccoli, or a psychologist trying to understand criminal behavior, “why” has always been a question that has been explored. Psychology, or the study of “why”, has been attempting to answer such questions for centuries. Although there are many answers (reflected in the number of schools of psychology), Social psychology attempts to explain the environmental factors that lead to a person behavior....   [tags: behavior, personality]

Powerful Essays
1424 words (4.1 pages)

Portfolio of Five Studies that Changed Psychology Essay

- Who’s Crazy Here, Anyway. In this study conducted by D.L. Rosenhan, the following question is raised: are mental health professionals really able to tell who is mentally healthy and who is mentally ill. And what are the consequences of mistakes. To answer these questions, Rosenhan himself and eight other “pseudopatients” presented themselves at different psychological hospitals acting normally other than pretending to be hearing voices saying the same three words; all were admitted. The pseudopatients’ goal once they were admitted was to convince the staff that they were mentally healthy....   [tags: D.L. Rosenhan, legitimacy of psychology]

Powerful Essays
2641 words (7.5 pages)