Critical Review : Federalist Paper Number Ten

Critical Review : Federalist Paper Number Ten

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Critical Review: Federalist Paper #10
The Federalist Paper number ten was an essay written by James Madison to support the ratification of the U.S Constitution. Its content deals with factions and how the effects of factions can be minimized. There were two options given; to do away with liberty, or create a society with the same opinion. To eliminate liberty was out of the question. That left the second option, giving every individual the same opinion, which is unrealistic. The main obstacle is that as long as people have free will and are able to think freely they will form different opinions. The difference in opinions that occurs leads to factions. People no matter how just will always look out for their own interest. The example given by Madison was in reference to the relationship between land owners and non-land owners. These people live in distinct environments and for that reason develop distinct opinions and interest. These interest will clash and lead to the formation of factions, which seems to be engraved in human nature. Faction will then only think of what benefits them and start to disregard what others believe. The factions will have different number of people that support it; meaning that one faction will be the majority and the other will be the minority and could potentially lead to the Tyranny of Majority. If all the power is left at the hands of the majority it is very likely that the majority will trample on the rights of minority. Since people will never have the same opinion as long as they are free to think, then a solution to the Paradox of Classical Liberalism: the Tyranny of Majority is to form a republic with elected representatives. The U.S Constitution would offer several measures to avoid factions ...


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...ustified the killing, torture and the constant violation of human rights with no legal consequences. The rights of the African American minority kept being trampled even after the abolishment of slavery in 1865 and were given sovereignty in 1870.
These clear examples of how factions cannot be prevented and the effect of the Tyranny of the Majority cannot be blocked by the Constitution. Federalist Paper number ten not only contradicted itself but also failed to mention the flexibility of the Constitution. Although the tenth Federalist paper was a great way of convincing the American citizens that the Constitution was the only way to rescue the country from its down fall, it also backfired and allowed there to be faction. The Federalist may have not foreseen the Tyranny of the Majority with the Constitution but it did not stop the evil of factions from taking root.

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