In this essay I shall make a critical comparison of different theories and approaches of community organising. By focusing on main aspects of Paulo Freire and Saul Alinsky’s models of community organising I shall discuss how applicable these models are in the UK. By drawing examples from experiences of applying Root Solution Listening Matters (RSLM) and Participatory Action Research (PAR) frameworks in my practice. I shall demonstrate relationships and differences between the two. By addressing key elements of theories of power and conflict I shall highlight the main characteristics of both and use these theories as lenses to view some problems in the communities. By comparing models of community enterprise I shall reflect on future opportunities of a budding community enterprise. Finally by outlining the methods of evaluation I shall reflect on my chosen framework for evaluation of my work.
I have applied a qualitative methodology for this essay to provide a literature review and given examples, where relevant, drawn from my practical experiences of working with communities in Bordesley Green (BG), Birmingham and in overseas.
Paulo Freire, and Saul Alinsky’s approaches:
Paulo Freire, and Saul Alinsky are a few of the pioneers of global grassroots collective movement, which is at the heart of community organising. Their theories are based upon organising communities from the below, who are most deprived, socially isolated and segregated and disempowered due to social, economic and political systems. The essence of Freire’s epic book titled “Pedagogy of the Oppressed” (1972) is about challenging the state imposed bureaucratic top down “banking education system” that incre...
... middle of paper ...
...veloping Social Firms in the UK: a contribution to identifying good practice. Disability & Society, Vol. 18, No. 5, August 2003. 659-674
Shah Anup, (2013) Structural Adjustment: A major cause of poverty. Philosophy and Theory, Vol.43, No.S1, 2011, USA. http://www.globalissues.org/article/3/structural-adjustment-a-major-cause-of-poverty
Sepulveda, Leandro (2010) Stephen Syrett, and Sara Calvo, Social enterprise and ethnic minorities, TSRC Working Paper 48.
Strathern, M. (1996) Cutting the Network, Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute, 2, pp.517 -535, Oxford
Thomson, Pat (2005), Who’s Afraid of Saul Alinsky? Radical traditions in community organising, FORUM, vol. 47, Numbers 2 & 3, 199-206.
U Tube Video: https://www.nfb.ca/film/encounter_with_saul_alinsky
VeneKlasen, Lisa and Valerie Miller (2002), Power and Empowerment, PLA Notes, 43: 39-41.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Sociological Theory: Positivistic, Interpretative, and Critical Comment on the three types of sociological theories, explain and argue, based on your library or Internet research, which type of theory is the most appropriate theory for sociology to adopt. The three general types of sociological theory are positivistic, interpretive and critical theory.In determining which theory is the most appropriate for sociology to adopt,a basic understanding of each theory's strengths and weaknesses is necessary.In defining each of these theories, it is important to determine the ontological basis orthe theory's basis for determining what is knowable; the epistemological basis or the theory's relation... [tags: essays research papers]
1875 words (5.4 pages)
- Critically evaluate how psychological theories and/or models of attachment are applied in contemporary research Research conducted in to depression is something that has been done for years, by many different approaches. There are several types of depression, but it is generally characterised as a mood disorder that affects a large majority of someone’s personal life, it causes frequent and consistent feelings of sadness (Mayo Clinic Staff, 2016). One of the approaches that has researched depression is Attachment theory, which focuses on the effects of parental attachment on a person.... [tags: Attachment theory, John Bowlby]
985 words (2.8 pages)
- Critical Evaluation of a Theoretical Approach Used to Describe Pattern/Object Recognition Pattern/object recognition is concerned with the processes involved in the identification of images and objects. This essentially involves taking information that enters the visual system and comparing this with information stored in memory, and finding a match. There are three approaches within pattern recognition; template and prototype theories, feature comparison theories and structural theories.... [tags: Papers]
1109 words (3.2 pages)
- To link to this article: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13632430050011407 Critical Analyze ---“Learning and Teaching:a Cross-Cultural perspective Introduction In this essay, a critical analyze about the article named “Learning and Teaching:A cross- cultural perspective”will be given which included summary, Structure analyze, specific analyze and conclusion. Moreover, the analyze will followed the structure of the article. And if necessary, the title as well as some subtitles will be given before analyze in each paragraph to help readers contrast the article and this essay.... [tags: Education, Learning, Critical thinking, Phoneme]
1054 words (3 pages)
- Criminology theories are Conflict Theory which is based upon the view that the fundamental causes of crime are the social and economic forces operating within society. Critical Theory approaches to culture, and esp. to literature, that seeks to confront the social, historical, and ideological forces and structures that produce and constrain it. Labeling Theory is how the self-identity and behavior of individuals may be determined or influenced by the terms used to describe or classify them. Life Course Theory focuses on the stage of life that exposure to health promoting or harmful influences occurs and the duration of exposure to these influences.... [tags: criminology theories, Detroit crime]
1141 words (3.3 pages)
- Providing career counseling to youth is not always an easy task; it comes with many obstacles and considerations, especially since it is a critical time in career decision-making and exploration (Gibson, 2005; Anderson & Vandehey, 2012). Through the work of various researchers, this paper provides helpful approaches regarding the guidance of gifted and talented youth in exploring and identifying career opportunities. According to the National Society for the Gifted and Talented (2012), gifted children and youth are those that are capable of performing at extraordinarily high levels and achieve accomplishments at great volume, while exercising exceptional talents in comparison to other child... [tags: guidance, decisions, theories]
830 words (2.4 pages)
- Individual Counseling Theories are varied. In this paper we will examine three of the most prominent counseling theories, their concepts, techniques, strengths and limitations. We will begin with the Adlerian Theory first followed by Cognitive Behavioral Therapy. At the end we will finish with Solution Focused Brief Theory. All three theories have their strengths and limitations but can be and usually are combined or used together to some extent to better serve the client. One theory might examine the client’s background and underlying cause for the complaints, while the other might focus on the present and how to solve the problems in a shorter period of time.... [tags: Individual Counseling Theories]
2682 words (7.7 pages)
- This essay will explain the theories and approaches of human development and behaviour. The developmental psychology is identified by critical period, where types of learning are the main factor for future development. This essay will look at the social and environment values which influencing people cognitive development (Burton 2013). The two theories of cognitive development will be discussed and explained using the examples from the reflection. A critical notes of developmental psychology for nursing practice, according to Tanner’s model of clinical judgement will be given.... [tags: Developmental psychology, Jean Piaget, Psychology]
1196 words (3.4 pages)
- There are different ways in which researchers can use in order to establish the theoretical hypothesis they sought to establish. Before setting out on a research, the researcher must choose a research problem, the question to be addressed by the research, the strategy to be employed in the research, establish any assumption or hypothesis evolving around the research problem and the outcome expected. According to Blaike Norman in his book the ‘Approaches to social enquiry’, there are about ten research paradigms that have been classified into classical and contemporary research paradigms.... [tags: Research Paradigms, Social Theories]
803 words (2.3 pages)
- A Comparison of the Main Approaches to Personality Psychology Psychology of personality is a difficult concept to define and quantify, therefore most personality theories, however different they may be in other respects, share the basic assumption, that personality is a particular pattern of behaviour and thinking, that prevails across time and situations and differentiates one person from another. Most theories attempting to explain personality represent part of the classic psychological Nature verse Nurture debate.... [tags: Papers Psychological Personality Essays]
2250 words (6.4 pages)
- Zolpidem: Helping with Insomnia
- Are Current Assessments Effective in the Identification of Specific Language Impairment in Bilingual Children?
- The Effects of Administrator-Teacher Relations on Teachers' Perceptions of School Climate in High School Settings
- Neuromuscular Training in Adolescents
- Far East Religious-Phylosophical Ideas: Differences and Similarities
- The Reality of Social Networking