There are several strain theories all of which were based on the original strain theory which was developed by Emile Durkheim, a functionalist who was said to be the father of sociology.
“The roots of strain theories can be traced to Emile Durkheim’s notion of anomie (from...
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...e Cause of Crime
According to Emile Durkheim and Robert Merton’s theories of anomie there should be more crimes committed by people who are unable to achieve their ideal goals. They theory also only seems to focus on the lower classes and the strain that they face with their limited resources and ideal goals. However, what about the middle and upper classes? Do they not feel strain? Even if their ideal goals and means to achieve those goals are different they are not really taken into consideration in the theory. What about other crimes such as collar crimes, hate crime, or even gender inequity crime? This is where the General Strain Theory comes into play. Robert Agnew’s General Strain Theory (GST) seems to disprove the anomie theory in a way. GST is based on the strain of an individual and their emotions, not the strain of the individual and their culture/society.
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