Criminology: The Evolution of Crime Essay

Criminology: The Evolution of Crime Essay

Length: 1013 words (2.9 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Criminology has evolved over history into becoming a discipline all its own, along the way it grew and developed from a multiple sources of disciplines to become an integration of various theories. Reasons that seek to explain crime and deviant behaviors has mirrored the time in which research was being conducted and as time continues to change it is to be expected more theories will arise to incorporate past theories to become ever more inclusive. It is important to understand this development from the formulation of theories, the evolution of, the determining factors in testing, particular process such as social learning that are upheld as strong empirically sound theories in order for scholars to continue to advance further studies. But it is unlikely crime will ever be solved completely, for in some instances it is a necessary evil, yet it can be hoped that with the knowledge obtained thus far and that to be discovered crime and deviance might be reduced, prevented and controlled in the future to come.

A theory is basically a way to describe the essence of things. It involves careful consideration over what, how and why things come to be, how they work, and any interrelationship shared among other human realities. Theories seek to explain what the observer witnesses through thorough examination and thoughtful contemplation over matters some simple and some more complex (Akers, & Sellers, 2013). There is a distinct difference between ideas, thoughts and scientific theories and the essential component is what C. Wright Mills calls the sociological imagination (1959). It is important for intellectual thought to move from individual experience to a social standpoint, this shift the perspective from internal to external, becomi...


... middle of paper ...


..., C. W. (1959). The sociological imagination. New York: Oxford University Press.

Moffitt, T.E. (1993). “Life-course-persistent” and “adolescence-limited” antisocial behaviour: A developmental taxonomy. Psychological Review, 100, 674−701.

Pratt, T. C., Gau, J. M., & Franklin, T. W. (2011). Key ideas in criminology and criminal justice. Los Angeles: SAGE.

Sampson, R. J., & Laub, J. H. (2005). A life-course view of the development of crime. The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science,602(1), 12-45.

Straus, M. A. (1991). Discipline and Deviance: physical punishment of children and violence and other crime in adulthood. Social Problems, 38(2), 133-154.

Wright, B. R. E., Caspi, A., Moffitt, T. E., & Silva, P. A. (1999). Low self-control, social bonds, and crime: social causation, social selection, or both?. Criminology, 37(3), 479.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The History and Evolution of Punishment for Crime Essay

- The incarceration rate in the United States has continued to climb over the past twenty years making it one of the highest in the world. Police officers have been going to work trying to put away people who are breaking the law, but why do criminals continue to do so when they know they have a good chance of getting caught. Crime has been around since societies have evolved and every society has had their own way of dealing with criminal behavior. From early tribal times where the thinking was an eye for an eye, to medieval times when people who stole a loaf of bread would be put to death by being hung, and today with a court system that decides the fate of a criminal....   [tags: criminology, criminal justice]

Strong Essays
2437 words (7 pages)

Essay on Criminology : The Discipline Of Criminology

- 1. According to the book, the discipline of criminology is constituted by subareas such as criminal statistics, sociology of law, theory construction, criminal behavior systems, penology, and victimology. The statistical subarea “involves calculating the amounts and trends of criminal activity” (Siegel 5). This means that with the help of statistics, a profile of criminal behavior can be created with the help of research methods, and measuring the results. The criminologist will “formulate techniques for collecting and analyzing” information, develop surveys, and create a database in order to test their theories (Siegel 5)....   [tags: Criminology, Crime, Sociology, Criminal justice]

Strong Essays
1003 words (2.9 pages)

Essay on Criminology Is The Complex Study Of Why Crime Happens

- Criminology is the complex study of why crime happens, when it happens, by whom and who is the victim. Criminology encompasses multiple fields and they all work together to help us understand the world that we live in. Through criminology, we hold out hope that in the end good will prevail. We have come far from the days of Cesare Beccaria, Jeremy Bentham, Richard Dugdale, and many others. When looking at the progression of criminology, we can see that without those pioneers in the beginning, we would not be where we are today....   [tags: Criminology, Crime, Sociology, Criminal justice]

Strong Essays
1445 words (4.1 pages)

Biological Theory Of Crime Causation Essay

- To begin with, Biological theory is a conflict theory of crime causation. A biological theory is physical traits that leads an individual to commit a crime. Biological School is an important perspective in the biological theory. It suggests that criminal behavior is passed from generation to generation and that is results from biological tendencies. Physical traits can be a result of the nervous system. The nervous system allows a person to recognize actions that will cause a themselves harm and helps their brain function....   [tags: Criminology, Sociology, Crime, Crime statistics]

Strong Essays
1741 words (5 pages)

Essay on The Positivist School of Criminology

- The positivist school was created in the 1800's and was based on the principle that the only way to truly understand something in society was by looking at it from a scientific point of view (Adler, Mueller, and Laufer 2012). There were many people who contributed to the positivist school, however the person who first placed an emphasis on a scientific approach was Auguste Comte (Adler et al 2012). By approaching criminology in a more scientific way, a lot more progress was made, as people began to consider the reasons for criminal behavior from a different perspective....   [tags: Criminology Essays]

Strong Essays
888 words (2.5 pages)

Criminology Essay

- Figuring out why people commit crimes is one of the central concerns of criminology. Do most criminals act rationally after weighing the costs of crime. Is society ever to blame for an individual to commit a crime. Do mental diseases or even genetics factor into whether a person will live a life of crime. Over the years, many people have developed theories to try to answer these questions. In fact, the number of theories of why people commit crimes sometimes seems to equal the number of criminologists....   [tags: Legal Issues, Crime]

Strong Essays
2254 words (6.4 pages)

White Collar Crime And Crime Essay

- With the evolution of our economy and technology we have experienced a new wave of crime and it’s not by the low level street criminals you would expect, but high end, tie wearing business men and women. Merriam-Webster defines crime as “an act or the commission of an act that is forbidden or the omission of a duty that is commanded by a public law and that makes the offender liable to punishment by that law” (Merriam-Webster). There are many types of crime but the two this paper will focus on are white collar crime and its comparison to street crime....   [tags: Criminology, Crime]

Strong Essays
1566 words (4.5 pages)

Essay on What Causes Crime, And Why An Individual Choose You Commit Crime?

- Theories have been used in many subjects such as science, philosophy, criminology etc… They are what we use to help us gain an understanding of the world we live in. In criminology, it is used to help us define criminality; what causes crime, and why an individual choose to commit crime. These models of comprehension come from three major explanations: sociological, biological and psychological. However, the two more well-known ones are biological and psychological. Biological focuses on the relation between how criminality traits can be hugely influenced by the environment and heredities....   [tags: Crime, Psychology, Twin, Criminology]

Strong Essays
1078 words (3.1 pages)

The Theories And Theories Of Crime And Deviance Essay

- Crim 2331 Term paper: Kwantlen Polytechnic University 100258094 Anmol Singh Kalra Throughout this course multiple different sociological theories have been used to explain crime and deviance. The different theories and schools try to illuminate social factors that influence defiance. The range of crimes or delinquent behaviour these theories try to describe range from small petty thefts to sever violent criminal behaviour. Crime and deviance is a complex problem, and stems from multiple different factors, sociological theories contribute different concepts that make generalized assumptions about root causes of deviance....   [tags: Sociology, Criminology, Crime, Reinforcement]

Strong Essays
1675 words (4.8 pages)

The History of Crime and Its Evolution Essay

- The History of Crime and Its Evolution Introduction Usually, crime threatens the security, economy and other interests of a country through actions or omissions that disregard the rule of law. Criminal activity has been evolving in the past several decades and taking on a progressively transnational nature. For instance, open borders and development of the Internet has increased the threat of crime from within American borders and beyond. Though common crime has not received much media and Congress attention like terrorism and other national concerns, criminals have not relented on their illegal activities....   [tags: criminal activity]

Strong Essays
1673 words (4.8 pages)