Hot spot policing is based on the idea that some criminal activities occur in particular areas of a city. According to researchers crime is not spread around the city instead is concentrated in small places where half of the criminal activities occur (Braga chapter 12). Also, many studies has demonstrated that hot spots do show significant positive results suggesting that when police officers put their attention on small high crime geographic areas they can reduce criminal activities ( Braga, papachristo & hureau I press). According to researchers 50% of calls that 911 center received are usually concentrated in less than 5% of places in a city (Sherman, Gartin, & Buerger, 1989; Weisburd, Bushway, Lum, &Yang, 2004). That is the action of crime is often at the street and not neighborhood level. Thus police can target sizable proportion of citywide crime by focusing in on small number of high crime places (see Weisburd & Telep, 2010). In a meta-analysis of experimental studies, authors found significant benefits of the hot spots approach in treatment compared to control areas. They concluded that fairly strong evidence shows hot spots policing is an effective crime prevention strategy (Braga (007) .Importantly, there was little evidence to suggest that spatial displacement was a major concern in hot spots interventions. Crime did not simply shift from hot spots to nearby areas (see also Weisburd et al., 2006).
What should police be doing at crime hot spots?
There are still concerns about the effectiveness of hot spot policing, and what police officers should do in order to effectively reduce crime. Because police officer should be spending some time in these places it is essential to know what they should d...
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...ar offenders and geographic areas. Even though Operation Ceasefire was done as a citywide intervention in Boston, the deterrence message was only directed to a small audience rather than a general audience. Also, the operation was conducted by making explicit cause-and-effect connections between the behavior of the target population and the behavior of the authorities (Braga et al., 2001, pp. 201-202). Authors stated that the program implemented was credible because it was realistic to believe that police officers could target gang members living and offending in hot spots. For that reason, despite evaluations that use the whole city as the unit of analysis, in reality the programs are more focused on specific offenders and geographic areas within these larger contexts. They also share much in common with the other effective geographically focused police strategies.
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