Back in the day, crime rates in the Victorian era were very high. When work was short or a person became unemployed, the only option for them to do was to go to the workhouses. The conditions in the workhouses were not good. They were so harsh that children died within weeks. Crime started to spiral and the only way at the time to fix the issue was to raise judicial penalties to harsher punishments. In the 1850’s, if you were caught for a crime you could have the potential to be hunged. Pick pock ticking, cutting, and threatening letters were seen as capital offenses. Having these harsher punishments however did not have a great affect on crime and those who were breaking the law (. Back then the normal way of punishment was “An-eye-for-an-eye. So if one person stole a bag, that person would be be-handed. Currently, there are now coded laws, amendments, and constitutions to help us know what is not allowed. In our modern society those harsh punishments that were once in place are seen as something inhumane and a violation of human rights (Siegel, 2013).
Crime and punishment is needed because society thinks that an offend...
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...to rehabilitation is the re-integrative philosophy, which is aimed at returning offenders to the community as soon as possible. The idea that every effort should be made to return offenders to the community as “law-abiding-citizens” was developed. In order to do so, rehabilitation of offenders and change towards the community was important. Until the mid 1970’s, rehabilitation was a key part of U.S. prison policy. Prisoners were encouraged to develop job skills and resolve any psychological issues that they may have which can cause them to have issues with re-integration into society (Benson, 2003). Currently, rehabilitation is highly encouraged. There are treat programs available to help someone get on the right track. There is now the twelve-step programs, professional group treatments, individual or group therapy, and cognitive behavioral therapy (Pollock, 2006).
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