There are two types of law in the U.S. judicial system: criminal law and civil law. Civil law is considered as a law that is designed to address private wrongs. “A private citizen who believes that he or she has been injured in some way by another may sue that party for damages” (Hemmens, Brody, & Spohn, 2013). Civil law as stated before is the settling of disputes between private citizens since many disagreements can arise concerning anything from property, contracts, and even personal injuries. Therefore, civil laws can provide citizens remedies for the individuals who are considered harmed by another. These cases are divided into four categories: torts, property, contracts, and family law. Each one of these categories are broken down into specifics and are handle in a variety of ways.
However, criminal law is defined as a law that is designed to permit for the judgment and punishment for people who violate society’s rules, also known as their criminal laws. “The state is treated as the aggrieved party, and the alleged wrongdoer is the defendant” (Hemmens, Brody, & Spohn, 2013). ...
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