Essay about Criminal Justics and Theories

Essay about Criminal Justics and Theories

Length: 2455 words (7 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Powerful Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

While in my class I learned a variety of things but the most important topics that stood out to me were the cases. As a class we went over several criminal cases but it were only a few I preferred. One of those cases were Berkemer v. Mccarty. The case originally came out of the U.S District Court for Southern District of Ohio, but later was brought to the Supreme Court. The crime that was charged was operating a vehicle under the influence of alcohol and drugs. An Ohio State Trooper by name of Williams observed McCarty weaving in between lanes. The officer then pulled him over, and the officer asked McCarty If he had been drinking. Honestly, McCarthy stated that he had consumed two beers and marijuana. After the confession he was taken into custody for driving under the influence. Once McCarthy arrived at the jail, he was given an intoxilyzer test and McCarthy passed it. It was also found that the state trooper did not read McCarthy his rights prior to being arrested. The issue that is brought in this case is did the roadside questioning of McCarty be considered custodial interrogation? The court ruled that he did not have to be read his Miranda rights, because of, word of mouth. The Statements McCarthy made prior to his arrest and at the jail was admissible against him.
The next topic I liked in this class was also a case. U.S. v. Salerno was a very interesting case because of the mob ties, so it immediately caught my attention. The crime that was charged , was a 29-count indictment alleging various Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations (RICO), and wire offenses, extortion, gambling and committed for pretrial detentions. This case is about Anthony Salero and Vincent Cafaro who were arrested in 1986, after being charged ...


... middle of paper ...


... state and federal courts was always a main focus for legal theory. Common Law was always discussed because it was something we would deal with in law enforcement and as regular citizens. Statutory interpretation was another main focus for this class because steps that are taken during the process of law making. My Ethics class was my most hands on class, because it was open for discussion at all times. The class was more about the students and understanding different ethical dilemmas. In the class we learned that ethical issues are common in all aspects of the criminal justice system. The gratuity issue and the death penalty were always discussed. Something very serious like the death penalty is something that is discussed among the legislature and congress. Then you compare the gratuity issue, some think it is just a minor issue, while others believe it is major.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Criminal Acts : Subjectivity And Criminal Behaviors As Explained By The Conflict And Labeling Theories

- Women Involved in Criminal Acts: Subjectivity to Criminal Behaviors as Explained by the Conflict and Labeling Theories Maria Faz February 6, 2015 CRIJ-3390-OL03 Women Involved in Criminal Acts: Subjectivity to Criminal Behaviors as Explained by the Conflict and Labeling Theories Throughout history, men have had a long lasting authority over women and have manipulated their behavior. With the creation of laws and labels, they have manipulated the misconduct of women to protect their high positions in the hierarchy of supremacy....   [tags: Crime, Sociology, Criminology, Criminal justice]

Powerful Essays
1091 words (3.1 pages)

Criminal Behavior And The Criminal Justice System Essay

- Learning, studying, and developing theories on why criminal behavior occurs is important because it helps the criminal justice system understand why people commit crimes and what type of punishment may work and what type of punishment has been proven ineffective. Criminal theories were being developed as far back as the Iron Age and are still being developed and modified today. Spiritualism, classical school theory, and positivist school theory are just a few of the theories that have helped influence our founding fathers and influence the criminal justice system in America and across the world....   [tags: Crime, Criminal justice, Criminology, Sociology]

Powerful Essays
1108 words (3.2 pages)

The Theories Of The Criminal Justice System Essay

- Experts in the criminology field have searched for ways to comprehend criminal behavior by establishing a variety of theories. One of the most interesting theories is certainly the Conflict theory. Although, some criminologists refer to conflict theory as radical theory; there are a few differences that will be mentioned subsequently in this paper by defining both theories. It is also important to mention a summary containing a combination of the radical and conflict theory principles. The relevance and applicability of these specific theories will also be discussed as it is essential for the continuation of the same....   [tags: Sociology, Crime, Max Weber, Working class]

Powerful Essays
1441 words (4.1 pages)

Strain Theories of Criminal Behaviour Essay

- Strain theories of criminal behaviour have been amongst the most important and influential in the field of criminology. Taking a societal approach, strain theories have sought to explain deficiencies in social structure that lead individuals to commit crime (Williams and McShane 2010). Strain theories operate under the premise that there is a societal consensus of values, beliefs, and goals with legitimate methods for achieving success. When individuals are denied access to legitimate methods for achieving success, the result is anomie or social strain....   [tags: Strain Theories of Crime]

Powerful Essays
2001 words (5.7 pages)

The Theories Of Criminal Justice Essay

- For this paper I will critique several theories of criminal justice. This will include a brief overview of each theory by also including its strengths and weaknesses in order to show why each theory is necessary to explain crime. I will then share my thoughts on which theory I believe to be the strongest of the group. In criminal Justice, there are dozens of theories that have been created to explain why certain crimes occur. As a criminal justice major, we can begin to look at criminology from the early perspective known as the classical theory....   [tags: Criminology, Crime, Juvenile delinquency]

Powerful Essays
1457 words (4.2 pages)

Criminal Justice Or Criminal Housing Essay

- Criminal Justice Or Criminal Housing Prisons and correctional facilities in the United States have changed from rehabilitating people to housing inmates and creating breeding grounds for more violence. Many local, state, and federal prisons and correctional facilities are becoming more and more overcrowded each year. If the Department of Corrections (DOC) wants to stop having repeat offenders and decrease the volume of inmates entering the criminal justice system, current regulations and programs need to undergo alteration....   [tags: Prison, Criminal justice, Crime, Corrections]

Powerful Essays
1766 words (5 pages)

Essay about Exploring Theories of Criminal Behavior

- I believe that Reiss’s and Nye’s Theories of Internal and External controls are one of the better theories of why there is crime in America. Albert J Reiss provided one of the earliest applications of this concept to criminology by attributing the cause of delinquency is the failure of “personal” and “social” controls. Personal controls are internalized, whereas social controls operate through the external application of legal and informal social sanctions. Nye later expanded on this and identified and identified three main categories of social controls that prevent delinquency: 1....   [tags: criminal behavior, criminal justice, criminology, ]

Powerful Essays
586 words (1.7 pages)

The Australian Criminal Justice System Essay

- The major goal of the Australian prison at the beginning of the 20th century was the removal of lawbreakers from their activities in society (King, 2001). The Australian legal system relies on deterrence (Carl et al, 2011, p. 119), that is, a system that has two key assumptions: (i) specific punishments imposed on offenders will ‘deter’ or prevent them from committing further crimes (ii) the fear of punishment will prevent others from committing similar crimes (Carl et al, 2011, p. 119). However it is not always the case that deterrence is successful as people commit crime without concern for punishment, thinking that they will get away with the crime committed (Jacob, 2011)....   [tags: Crime, Criminal law, Criminal justice, Prison]

Powerful Essays
1360 words (3.9 pages)

The Crime Of The Criminal Justice System Essay

- The criminal justice policy has many different sides. This include the different theories of crime and how they have an impact the criminal justice system. Some of this theories are the Biological studies, Psychological theories, and last the Sociological theory all are used as different methods of explaining why crime exists. Biological theories are the biological explanations of crime. A famous theorists Cesare Lombroso, founder of the Italian school of Positivist Criminology. His biological explanation of crime, was that criminal behavior were genetic and that individuals who take part in crime, can be recognized by physical abnormalities or defects....   [tags: Sociology, Crime, Criminology, Criminal justice]

Powerful Essays
828 words (2.4 pages)

Integrated Theories of Criminal Justice Essay

- Integrated Theories of Criminal Justice Abstract Two theorist and theories that have been recognized by many involved in the criminal justice field are Ross L. Matsueda's Theory of Differential Social Control, and, Charles R. Tittle's Control Balance Theory. Matsueda's theory, (1) identifies a broader range of individual-level mechanisms of social control, (2) specifying group and organizational processes for controlling delinquency, (3) conceptualizing classical criminological theories as special cases of a general interactionist framework, and (4) testing the interactionist model empirically against specific hypotheses drawn from competing theories....   [tags: Papers]

Powerful Essays
3645 words (10.4 pages)