Criminal Justice: The Goals of Sentencing Essays

Criminal Justice: The Goals of Sentencing Essays

Length: 725 words (2.1 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Sentencing is the imposition of a criminal sanction by a sentencing authority , such as a judge. Schmallger & Smykla, 2009, pg# 71) There are seven goals of sentencing including revenge, retribution, just deserts, deterrence, incapacitation, rehabilitation and restoration. Revenge refers to a retaliation to some kind of assault and injury. Revenge can be a type of punishment for the criminal justice system. The jury, sometimes, basis there choices on emotions, facts and evidence. It is considered revenge in some cases because the victim's looks at it that way when they feel justice has been served. Retribution is a type of sentencing involving another form of retaliation. Retribution means "paying back" the offender for what he or she has done. ( Schmalleger & Smykla, 2009, pg# 73) The victim is not alone when it comes to being affected by the crime. Society is strongly affected by what a criminal does in whichever area he or she chooses. Retribution, in a good sense, would be if a coworker does her best as her job and her boss gave her a raise. This would be considered paying her back for her good deeds. As far as the criminal's heinous acts, retribution would more than likely be community service in the town were the crimes occurred. This form of sentencing gives a sort of relief to society
making them feel somewhat safer.
Additionally, just deserts are a form of sentencing. Just deserts is defined as a perspective on criminal sentencing that holds that criminal offenders are morally blameworthy and are, therefore, deserving of punishment. (Schmalleger & Smykla, 2009, pg# 73) Basically, the criminals go out and commit these crime and when they are caught they get what they deserve. There is a sense of gaining balance of ...

... middle of paper ...

... the outcomes of these goals the crime rate has substantially decreased. Revenge has made a way for some victims to at ease. I think revenge can be a good and bad thing. A negative view of revenge is if an offender kills or rapes someone's child and that person tries to find ways to get that offender killed. They all have some significant way of getting justice. According to the Sentencing Project prison cost has gone up and it is very expensive to find room in the prison for these offenders. Based on the overcrowded prison, they have to build new prisons which will take of money for the government.

1. Schmalleger, F., & Smykla, J. O. (2009) Corrections: In the 21st century. New York, NY: McGraw Hill Companies.
2. The Sentencing Project. (n.d). Retrieved: January 11, 2010. From the sentencing project website:

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay on The Youth Criminal Justice Act

- As more people continue to be imprisoned, mass incarceration is at risk. It has nothing but negative effects on societies and communities around the globe due to the fact that it leads to the substitutions of imprisonment to be underutilized, such as rehabilitation programs (Kruttschnitt, 2007). Canada’s conservative government’s Safe Streets and Communities Act has already shown a negative effect in the Canadian society. Therefore, rather than Bill C-10 achieving it’s goal in making the Canadian communities safer, it is accomplishing the opposite....   [tags: Criminal law, Crime, Criminal justice, Law]

Better Essays
1466 words (4.2 pages)

The Goals Of Criminal Sentencing Essay

- Goals of Criminal Sentencing Sentencing refers to the imposition of a criminal sanction by a judicial authority. Our society looks to sentencing to achieve an assortment of goals. A Legislator’s view point of these goals for punishment will affect their decisions of sentencing. The five goals that legislators consider are: retribution, incapacitation, deterrence, rehabilitation, and restoration. Each of these goals will be discussed and how they all correspond with each other in a sentencing of the death penalty....   [tags: Crime, Criminology, Criminal law]

Better Essays
1087 words (3.1 pages)

Community Service as Effective Sentencing Essay

- Community Service within the justice system is being used in the present,due to prison overcrowding.The problem with giving community service as a discipline in the justice system.Some offenders may be a threat to the safety of citizens and safe communities.Community service was established as a way for the justice system to budget for the community.Community Service,(2014) Community service programs where initiated in the United States with female traffic offenders in Alameda County, California in 1966.Local initiatives following in several counties throughout the United States.The state of California believed community service would help address the issue of prison overcrowding....   [tags: alternative sentencing, justice system]

Better Essays
1768 words (5.1 pages)

The United States Criminal Justice System Essay

- The United States criminal justice system is an ever-changing system that is based on the opinions and ideas of the public. Many of the policies today were established in direct response to polarizing events and generational shifts in ideology. In order to maintain public safety and punish those who break these laws, law enforcement officers arrest offenders and a judge or a group of the law offender’s peers judge their innocence. If found guilty, these individuals are sentenced for a predetermined amount of time in prison and are eventually, evaluated for early release through probation....   [tags: Crime, Criminal justice, Prison, Criminal law]

Better Essays
1573 words (4.5 pages)

Crime And Its Punishment : The Responsibility Of The Criminal Justice System

- Crime and its punishment are the responsibility of the criminal justice system. The system helps define what punishment is appropriate for which crime. The criminal justice system is in place to ensure that criminal laws are being adhered to according to the law. This judicial function is responsible for making sentences for those who are convicted for committing crimes. There are four traditional goals of punishment which are: retribution, deterrence, incapacitation (incarceration), and rehabilitation....   [tags: Crime, Criminal law, Criminal justice, Punishment]

Better Essays
724 words (2.1 pages)

A Conflicting Reward System Within A Criminal Justice Organization Essay

- Thesis: A conflicting reward system within a Criminal Justice organization makes reaching the goals set forth by the administrators of the organization more difficult to accomplish. If individual achievement is rewarded then the organization as a whole may suffer and not succeed in the goals set before it. If the organization as a whole is rewarded and individuals are not recognized for individual accomplishments the moral of the department may suffer. Criminal Justice administrators must balance goals and personnel behavior with a reward system that helps accomplish the overall goals of the organization yet still recognize the individual employee for his/her accomplishments....   [tags: Police, Criminal justice, Crime, Constable]

Better Essays
1258 words (3.6 pages)

Public Confidence Within The Criminal Justice System Essay

- In many western democratic countries, maintaining public confidence in judicial administration is regarded as a critical issue across the whole of government, especially in the criminal justice system. The judiciary consists of many organizations, such as police, the courts, prison service and correlations, that is centrally concerned with controlling crime and protecting community by the exercise of power (Snowball & Jones, 2012). However, a system fails to command public trust may also fail to establish its legitimacy and function effectively (Hough & Roberts, 2004 cited in Jones et al., 2008)....   [tags: Crime, Criminal justice, Police, Law]

Better Essays
2199 words (6.3 pages)

Truth In Sentencing Policies and the Effects on Courts and Prisons Essay

- Society has high expectations for criminal justice. Controlling the behavior of people is a difficult task, and there are several differing opinions on how this should happen. Many believe this can best accomplished by prevention through deterrence. Deterrence can be achieved from increased police patrols, good relationships with the community, and through tough penalties for convicted criminals. When deterrence fails, criminals need to be identified and held accountable for their actions. Law enforcement enforces many different crimes; some of the most serious crimes are violent crimes....   [tags: Criminal Justice ]

Better Essays
1570 words (4.5 pages)

The Penalty Of Restorative Justice Essay

- The Goals of Punishment For many generations there has been an old saying that “if you do the crime then do the time” and still apply in this current epidemic. In fact, which goes to show that there are some in society that may need to be punished for their wrong doings. Parents use the same exact metaphor when disciplining their children when they do something wrong. No one is perfect and as humans there will be times when mistakes will be made. Life is all about living and learning from past mistakes and move on to know what not to do....   [tags: Crime, Criminal justice, Criminology, Punishment]

Better Essays
712 words (2 pages)

Flaws of The British Criminal Justice System Essay examples

- The Criminal Justice System, a system the British government set up to deal with the treatment of law-breakers, has three main goals to achieve social order, these are, (1) enforcing criminal law, (2) maintaining law and order in the society, and (3) helping victims. This may seem to be a well thought of system, but like any other organisation, there are flaws, and one of the major flaws is discrimination, and the bias that stems from discrimination. Discrimination on the basis of class, gender, sexuality and ethnicity operates at the level of attitude, on the street, in the home, at the workplace or at social venues....   [tags: Criminal Law Essays]

Better Essays
1823 words (5.2 pages)