When the our criminal justice system introduced punishments, sanctions for criminal behavior tended to be public events which were designed to shame the person and deter others. These punishments included ducking stool, the pillory, whipping, branding and the stocks. As years progressed, these punishments have slowly started disappear from our penology and capital punishment was introduced. According to Kronenwetter, “The first recorded execution in the English American colonies was in 1608 when officials executed George Kendall of Virginia for supposedly plotting to betray the British to the Spanish. In 1612, Virginia 's governor, Sir Thomas Dale, implemented the Divine, Moral, and Martial Laws that made death the penalty for even minor offenses such as stealing grapes, killing chickens, killing dogs or horses without permission, or trading with Indians”(2001). Since the punishment for basically ever crime was capital punishment, the governor feared that people would no longer settle there because of their fears. Because of the fear, the governor softened the punishments seven years later and the only crime that capital punishment was theft and murder. “In 1622, the first legal execution of a criminal, Daniel Frank, occurred in Virginia for the crime of theft”(Bedau, 1997).
William Penn was an important individual in the development of our criminal justice system. In 1682, William Penn arrived in Ph...
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...of new objectives for the system the objectives we have in mind are not simply new to the system but are in some sense newly systemic. We are especially interested in the increasing primacy given to the efficient control of internal system processes in place of the traditional objectives of rehabilitation and crime control. Goals like reducing recidivism have always been internally shaped in important ways, but in the contemporary setting the sense that any external social referent is intended at all is becoming attenuated. The deployment of new techniques, which target offenders as an aggregate in place of traditional techniques for individualizing or creating equity.”
In conclusion, the American Criminal Justice System is very complex because of the history that it has. Even today, our criminal justice system is still being criticized as not reforming criminals.
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