The criminal justice system is the system of law enforcement that is directly involved in Pros-ecuting, defending, and punishing those who are suspected or convicted of criminal offenses. According to US legal definitions, it refers to the collective institutions through which an ac-cused offender passes until the accusations have been disposed of or the assessed punishment concluded. This system consists in three different parts, 1) law enforcement that is formed by police, sheriffs and marshals, 2) adjudication that is formed by courts and 3) corrections which includes prison officials and parole officers. These agencies work together under the rule of law and are the principal means of maintaining the rule of law within society. However, the system applies in every country, not in the same way. Depending on the country it will have some dif-ferences just because not all the countries have the same system that we have here in United States.
Under the united states system of federalism, the states have certain rights beyond the federal governments, one of which is to administer their own laws. According to Segraves...
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...ider in deciding whether to prosecute. He would pass that responsibility to the judge for consideration on disposition.
In deciding whether to institute criminal proceedings, a prosecutor must balance two competing responsibilities. He must vigorously prosecute individuals reasonably suspected of significant criminal activity, but must avoid harassing or disturbing innocent citizens. In weighing these fac-tors, he is obligated to look beyond the immediate problem of winning a case and consider in-stead the fair and efficient administration of criminal justice.
There’s too much pressure on the criminal justice system because it is supposed to solve socie-ty’s ills. One of the greatest challenges facing the criminal justice system is the need to balance the rights of the accused criminals against society interest in imposing punishments on those convicted of crimes.
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