directed at upholding social control, discouraging and extenuating delinquency, or
indorsing those who encroach on laws with criminal punishments and reintegration
efforts. It consist of three chief parts: Legislative (law), adjudication (courts) and
For many years, delinquency and penalty have provided some of the most
influential cyphers of the racial disunion in the United States. Sentencing laws were
prejudiced, with the severest of sanctions given to minorities. U.S. Supreme Court
cases and legislation enthused and steered by the civil rights movement and other
reform actions have made discrimination on the constituent of race unconstitutional.
Nonetheless, Hispanics in the United States face discrimination and overrepresentation
in every step of the criminal justice system, from arrest to incarceration according to the
National Council of La Raza.
The Latino populace has been increasing at an incredible rate. The expansion
within a population unavoidably will presented strains and challenges to a community’s
criminal justice system. Those challenges have played out in a number of variety of
ways within the different system of government and processes for Latinos. According
to Fernandez & Bowman (2004), the “tough on crime” policies legislated in the 1970’s
for the intent of decreasing ferocious crimes and promoting effectiveness within the
criminal justice system, have been unsuccessful in ensuring fairness for minorities. This
resulted in Latinos receiving dissimilar treatment throughout the criminal justice system.
The increasing crimes rates and the perpendicular amount of c...
... middle of paper ...
...sition to challenge racially-biased
policing.97 The result leads to a confirmation bias in which law enforcement focuses on
targeting a disproportionate amount of Latinos based on a misguided belief that Latinos
commit a disproportionate amount of crime, thus leading to a greater amount of Latinos
who are arrested and incarcerated, especially for drug offenses.98
Diminishing the inequitable practices of law enforcement will lighten an
overstrained criminal justice system and at the same time abide to impartiality under the
law for Latinos. Moreover, a “trickle-down” result will ensue in which destitute defense
systems will also become less burdened and a decrease in incarceration rate. The
resolution to the issues of overrepresentation of Latinos in the criminal justice system
begins at the arrest level. Thus, a better system needs to be developed.
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