When criminologists develop theories to explain why people commit crimes, the social environment that they come from influences these theories. These theories take social interpretations from the past and present. Criminologists will often take these interpretations and develop opinions about what the near future may look like in regards to society and crime. This is how the criminal behavior theories spiritualism, classical school, and positivist school were developed. Each of these theories impacted the policies and practices in the criminal justice systems.
The spiritualism theory states that there is absolute good and absolute evil; a person who commits a crime is absolute evil and has demons living within. A person who does not commit crimes is absolute good. This theory has been around for several hundreds of years. This theory dates further back than the Egyptian, Greek, Roman, and Middle Ages time period. Before and possibly during the Iron Age or primitive people time period the reason for horrible occurrences such as hurricanes, floods, famin...
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...ate the offender.
Every theory has its own way of explaining why crime occurs, what type of punishment is best, and what can prevent crime from occurring. As time passes and more crimes occur new theories to explain criminal behavior are developed. Explaining why people commit crimes is difficult because it varies and changes as time progresses forward and the various factors evolve on a daily basis, but spiritualism, classical school theory, and positivist school theory are the foundation and are still around today. Each of these theories has impacted the world in a significant way and is still referred to today. There are people in this world who still believe in these theories and who are working to further develop these theories. This is done with the hope that one-day criminals and their behavior will be understood and crime will be deterred.
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