Essay on Crime Rates And Fear Of Crime

Essay on Crime Rates And Fear Of Crime

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CRIME RATES AND FEAR OF CRIME IN AUSTRALIA

The public’s opinion about the type of crimes committed and their rate of increase significantly influences the development of law enforcement policies (Davis & Dossetor, 2010). However, there often exists a discrepancy between the public view of crimes committed and the actual number of crimes committed which is essentially obtained through statistics from police and victim reports. The difference mainly lies on the public’s perception of an increase in crime rates when in fact crimes rates are on the decrease. The Government has come under immense pressure from the public to increase spending on law enforcement because the public believes that crime rate is on the increase when in fact it is not. This causes misallocation of funds by the government that could be used in other public sectors such as health and infrastructure. The public generally fears crimes and forms an opinion about crime rates based on their own personal encounters with criminals as well as other factors that might create conducive conditions for criminal activities such as the level of national safety and location of a particular neighborhood. People may believe crime rates are on the increase when they feel that the nation is not safe due to increase in cases of illegal drugs, violent crimes and property crimes. In contrast, they like to believe that crime rates in their own towns are declining especially for their own neighborhood. Studies conducted by the National Survey of Community Satisfaction with Policing (NSCSP) in 2007-08 reports that the public’s perception of crime rates declines when the focus is on their own neighborhood. However, people living in affluent neighborhoods tend to think that ...


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...viduals and therefore actual crime rates published by the government are never trusted. The public often believes that the government publishes tailor made statistics to fit a particular story. In summary, the discrepancy between public perception and actual crime rates are caused by demographic factors such as age, gender and the level of education. Older people, females, and poorly educated people are more likely to believe in an increase in crime rates which is on the contrary. The mismatch is also caused by the media, particularly television and newspapers, which greatly focus on crimes, especially homicide and sexual assault, as newsworthy stories. The neighborhood in which people live in also influences their perception of crime. People in affluent neighborhoods are more likely to perceive increasing crime rates when in fact crime rates are not increasing.

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Essay on Crime Rates And Fear Of Crime

- CRIME RATES AND FEAR OF CRIME IN AUSTRALIA The public’s opinion about the type of crimes committed and their rate of increase significantly influences the development of law enforcement policies (Davis & Dossetor, 2010). However, there often exists a discrepancy between the public view of crimes committed and the actual number of crimes committed which is essentially obtained through statistics from police and victim reports. The difference mainly lies on the public’s perception of an increase in crime rates when in fact crimes rates are on the decrease....   [tags: Crime, Criminology, Crime statistics, Theft]

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