The Crime Of The Criminal Justice System Essay

The Crime Of The Criminal Justice System Essay

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The criminal justice policy has many different sides. This include the different theories of crime and how they have an impact the criminal justice system. Some of this theories are the Biological studies, Psychological theories, and last the Sociological theory all are used as different methods of explaining why crime exists.

Biological theories are the biological explanations of crime. A famous theorists Cesare Lombroso, founder of the Italian school of Positivist Criminology. His biological explanation of crime, was that criminal behavior were genetic and that individuals who take part in crime, can be recognized by physical abnormalities or defects. One example is that murders have cold, glassy blood shot eyes, long hair and thin lips. He insisted that criminals committed acts that were beyond their control. William Sheldon theory of crime took on a different approach; he associates certain body types with certain behaviors. In his theory, he believed behavior to be inherited. One of Sheldon theory was that there is an association between personality and body type. Below are three basic body types according to Sheldon ▪ Endomorphs-which are heavy, obese; soft, round shaped ▪ Mesomorph- rectangular build, muscular, hard and heavy ▪ Ectomorphs-linear, flat, thin, fragile, and delicate. Another biological explanation of crime relates to certain brain dysfunctions (Sammons, 2015). This can be seen in children and adults who suffer from ADHD, and other hyperactivity disorders. According to an article written by Dr. Goldstein, “The severity of ADHD symptoms in adolescence and adult- hood apparently coincides with an increase of problems related to aggression and conduct. Thus, the worse an individual 's ADHD symptoms get, the more ...


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...to the Anomie and Strain theories states that inequality by different groups of people causes crime because of the oppression faced among many in the lower class (scully, 2012).). As a result, they turn to illegal solutions to advance economically.






References
Sammons, A. (2015, January 26). Sheldon 's Body Personality. Retrieved from http://www.psychlotron.org.uk/newresources/criminological/a2_aqb_crim_physiologicaltheories.pdf
McLeod, S. A. (2016). Id, Ego and Superego. Retrieved from www.simplypsychology.org/psyche.html


Goldstein, S (2005) ADHDand Implications from the Criminal Justice System.

(http://www.mental-health-matters.com/articles/article.php?artID=682)

Siegel, L. (2012). Criminology: Trait Theories, (11th Ed)
http://www.bookrags.com/research/xyy-syndrome-wog/

Darragh Scully, (2012). Psychological and Biological theories of criminal conduct

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