Criminal Justice Final Paper
The criminal justice system is composed of many intricate parts that are all necessary for the system to work properly. Every division of the system accounts for its own specific tasks and does their best to protect the law of the land. The major components are the police, the courts and the corrections. Each of these groups bring their own set of specialized skills to reach further towards the goal of a peaceful society.
The police are responsible for making arrest, writting citations, patrolling the streets, etc. The police are responsible both for bringing in individuals after criminal activity and also trying to prevent crime from hapenning. They are the vigilant eye that protects the general public from crime. Patrol is one of the major components of the policing job. Areas that are patrolled more frequently by police are less likely to see criminal activity. The safety of the public is the primary goal for police officers. A policing job is best fit for an individual who loves their community and wants to see it kept safe. A heart for those around you is possibly the most important trait an officers could have.
The courts are responsible for the decision that is made after the arrest. The court decides whether or not an individual is guilty or not and has the authority to choose the punishment which the defendant receives. The court system is comprised of local, state, and federal. When an appeal does seem satisfactory at a lower level in the system the person accused of the crime may choose to take their case up to a higher ranking court, the United States court system differs from others with that. The courts have the final say as how an individual should be sentenced.
Corrections is the s...
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...ment. Jail is mostly used for mild offenses. They are used for crimes that are a little more than minor theft but less than first-degree murder. One issue that jails today face is the lack of funding for their cause.
Prisons are for the serious criminals who deserve more than just minor punishment. Prison sentences are generally much longer than that of parol or jail and offer a lot less freedom to the criminals within its system. Prisons are divided into different levels of security: maximum, medium, and minimum. Maximum security prisons offer the least freedom and nearly all inmates are locked in solitary cells away from other inmates. Medium allows for a little more freedom but some inmates are still locked in solitary confinment and are watched consistantly. Minimum security prisons allow for inmates to walk freely within the prison yard with minimum supervision.
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