The Crime Of The Criminal Justice System Essay

The Crime Of The Criminal Justice System Essay

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The Criminal Justice System refers to the process by which persons committing criminal offenses are arrested, followed by systematic investigation to determine proof. After which charges are laid, defense is raised, trials conducted and sentencing rendered if found guilty or acquitted if innocent. Criminal offense is an evil act or omission punishable by law; and/or a long record of crime. An offense can be a minor or major violation, example of minor offense is jaywalking and some major offenses are murder, arson, and treason. Crime, offense, and criminal offense are used interchangeably. Mens rae (awareness of guilt) and actus reus (the act) are two important elements necessary to prove a crime.
"War on drugs" which is used as an explanation for the increase of the incarceration of minorities. Whites have a better chance to get treatment, which does not have the same stigma attached, than minorities. This leads to perception/profiling of judges regarding white and minorities. The first anti-marijuana laws, in the Midwest and southwest in the 1910 's-20 's, were aimed at Mexican migrants and Mexican Americans. The first anti-cocaine laws, in the South in the early 1900 's were aimed at black men. In Today’s society Hispanic and especially black communities are still subject to wildly un- appropriate drug enforcement and sentencing practices. If asked to define justice, we would say fairness, similar or equal treatment, due process and equal opportunity. People know that justice is a larger concept than punishment, yet are mostly unaware of a very limited set choices about what justice really means in response to a crime.
For some time now there has been a growing dissatisfaction with our justice system. Citizens feel disconnec...


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...ainst offenders. If a guideline is effective as a deterrent, it should continue to be utilized until it cease to be so. If it is not effective, it should be removed with alternatives used.”










References
Paul Guerino, Paige M. Harrison, and William J. Sabol, Prisoners in 2010 (Revised) (Washington, DC: Bureau of Justice Statistics, 2011); and Sara Wakefield and Christopher Uggen, "Incarceration and Stratification," Annual Review of Sociology 36 (2010): 387-206. Clarification, Oct. 28, 2014: There were 740,000 inmates in city and county jails and other facilities in the U.S. in 2010; about 5 percent of these were in state and federal custody. Counting the local jail population, the total incarcerated population in 2010 was about 2.3 million. See: Todd Minton, Jail Inmates at Mid-Year 2010—Statistical Tables (Washington, DC: Bureau of Justice Statistics, 2011).

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