Crime Is Measured Using A Combination Of Both Police And Victim Reported Information

Crime Is Measured Using A Combination Of Both Police And Victim Reported Information

Length: 1389 words (4 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

In Canada, crime is measured using a combination of both police and victim-reported information. Statistics Canada presents surveys to criminologists to analyze the data of criminalization and victimization to determine understand criminal behaviour, how the public perceives it, and how to prevent it. Uniform Crime Reporting Survey (UCR) intended to standardize the collection of police-reported crime statistics from across Canada. Figures generated by UCR are less than perfect, due to variations in the grey lines of recording and interpreting crime between different police. (Cartwright, 2015) The General Social Survey (GSS) was implemented later as a broad social survey to poll for crimes not reported to police. This was because Statistics Canada discovered that a large percentage of the population fail to report criminal victimization to the police. (Morden, 2015) Most citizens view their incident as an issue the police cannot help with, or too minor to require the police to deal with. UCR and GSS have disadvantages that complement each other to aid criminologists in studying criminal and victim behaviour.
Although the data from the GSS on Victimization and the UCR both note trends in crime rates in Canada, methodological differences between these two processes produce complementary data that provide a comprehensive vision of criminal activity in Canada. Since 1962, Statistics Canada has been collecting police-reported crime data annually through the establishing Uniform Crime Reporting Survey. The crime rate is calculated by the sum of all Criminal Code incidents reported by the police, divided by the population for comparison across geographic regions. Police-reported data capture only those crimes reported and recorded by the ...


... middle of paper ...


...road social surveys, rather than alone since both are lacking in their own ways. As a difference in timing is a key characteristic in the differences in the polls. UCR is annually conducted, whereas GSS on Victimization is processed every five years for the forgoing 12 months.
The General Social Survey and Uniform Crime Reporting Survey, both provide criminologists with sufficient data to analyze for the understanding and prevention of criminal behaviour and its social impact. The overall crime rate trends as of 2014 are declining in both surveys. Neither of the sources on its own can provide a Gestalt illustration of criminal incidents in Canada. On Account of their defects, there is always room for improvement in the ways in which crime is measured. As we improve the means to measure crime, our understanding of the nature and prevention of crime in Canada advances.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Aggravating Factors that Lead to Excessive Force by Police Officers Essay

- The use of force by police officers is under scrutiny from both individuals and other police officers. Many people wonder how much force law enforcement officers should use, and at what point does the use of force become excessive. The major research question within the studies provided is: What contributes to the use of excessive force. What causes police officers to go to the extreme when using force. Research has examined the use of force used by some police officers when it comes to arresting, obtaining, and securing the streets for public safety....   [tags: use of force lawsuits, police brutality]

Better Essays
1466 words (4.2 pages)

Graham Vs. Connor Case Essay

- For awhile the findings of the Graham vs. Connor case were accepted and used to consider other cases of excessive force. However a different situation arose in Scott vs. Harris. The story goes that a sheriff, while monitoring traffic on a highway, spotted Victor Harris going past him at seventy-five miles per hour in a fifty-five miles per hour zone. Naturally, the sheriff went after Harris and a high speed chase ensued. Second deputy Scott joined in the chase and finally rammed Harris’ car to stop him....   [tags: Police, Police brutality, Crime, Police officer]

Better Essays
1749 words (5 pages)

Essay on Using Cameras For Police Department Reform

- In order to obtain more body cams, increase officer training and provide additional resources for police department reform, President Obama is proposing a three-year, $263M spending package (Pickler, 2014). These funds would go towards purchasing more than 50,000 body cameras to record actions by officers with the hope that with more police accountability, there will greater trust and confidence between police and minority communities nationwide (Pickler, 2014). Unfortunately, there is still the concern of how funding will be acquired to store the video data as expenses are running into the millions of dollars in some cities which is generally overlooked in debates over using cameras (...   [tags: Police, Constable, Police officer]

Better Essays
720 words (2.1 pages)

Corruption Is Not Be Measured Essay

- Corruption is commonly defined as “being dishonest or illegal behavior, especially by powerful people (such as government officials or police officers)” according to Merriam-Webster.com. However, although defined, corruption cannot be measured. Without measurement of this ten letter word, it becomes troubling within jurisdiction’s law abiding citizens live in. As a result, hysteria, panic and doubts arise which are only a few out many reactions the public makes. With the press only stirring greater chaos, corruption is never completely solved, which is why it must be confronted and measured before it’s too late....   [tags: Constable, Police, Chief of police]

Better Essays
1777 words (5.1 pages)

White Police Officers Are Notorious For Using Excess Force Essays

- White police officers are infamous for using excess force towards young African-American especially in larger cities such as Chicago. It has become a controversial topic among communities that have seen police brutality take place in front of their homes.$1,800,000,000 is estimated to be the annual cost of police misconduct to taxpayers. Although the misconduct isn’t strictly towards police brutality, $1,800,000,000 is incredibly outrageous. There may be a reason to why African-Americans seem to be targeted by police officers....   [tags: Police brutality, Police, Rodney King]

Better Essays
2203 words (6.3 pages)

The Role Of The Eyewitness On The Criminal Justice System Essay

- Throughout history, eyewitnesses have always played an important role in criminal justice system. The job of the eyewitness is important because sometimes those witnessing a crime may be the only evidence police may have to go on. Because this may be the case sometimes, it is crucial that the eyewitness do the best they can to pick out the suspect who they believe committed the crime. Unfortunately, however, the memory of the eyewitness may not always be at is best and they may forget a few details of what the criminal looked like or may have forgetting everything about the criminal in general....   [tags: Criminal justice, Crime, Criminal law, Police]

Better Essays
1036 words (3 pages)

Essay about Police Officers And Police Officer

- Police departments around the united states always focuses on making the community a safer place, helping the community and make the city or county that police officers work in look good and always looking professional while police officers do their job. It takes a lot of courage to be a police officer, you have to be physically prepared, but, the police officer has to be always mentally prepared, every decision that a police officer makes has to be the right one, if a police officer makes a wrong decision, it could cost your career or someone’s life....   [tags: Police, Police brutality, Police officer]

Better Essays
1289 words (3.7 pages)

The Obligations Of A Police Officer Essay

- The obligations of a police officer, otherwise called a law requirement officer, concentrate on securing individuals and property. They watch the regions assigned to them, which at times incorporate whole wards, react to calls, uphold laws, make captures, issue references, and respect human rights. Police brutality is police using inordinate and superfluous force when managing regular citizens. Excessive use of force means a compel beyond what might be essential to handle a circumstance. This type of brutality has various ways of working, shown in a physical manner....   [tags: Police, Police brutality, Police officer]

Better Essays
1098 words (3.1 pages)

Police Force And Police Safety Essay

- Police militarization is one of the common topics discussed in news articles all over America to this day. Local police forces using military grade weapons, excess police force for protection, and even committing crimes as well. Is this a good thing or a bad thing. Michael Brown is an example of police force and police militarization. Police using excessive force towards the riots and outbreaks all over the country following the incident. The day before Michael Brown had been killed, there had been another incident where excess police force had been seen....   [tags: Police, Constable, Police officer]

Better Essays
1631 words (4.7 pages)

Police Brutality And The Crime Scene Essay

- Police Brutality In all over the world police brutality takes many forms. Some are indirect and other are pulling the strings from behind the crime scene, to put innocent for a crime that was never done. As right now the U.S is finding a solution to end this, which includes Black vs cops or the overuse of force. As long as we know police brutality been around for centuries and haven’t been solve yet but with the effort of everyone. One of the greatest problem that the U.S has is the police brutality....   [tags: Police, Police brutality, Police officer]

Better Essays
1312 words (3.7 pages)