Although the data from the GSS on Victimization and the UCR both note trends in crime rates in Canada, methodological differences between these two processes produce complementary data that provide a comprehensive vision of criminal activity in Canada. Since 1962, Statistics Canada has been collecting police-reported crime data annually through the establishing Uniform Crime Reporting Survey. The crime rate is calculated by the sum of all Criminal Code incidents reported by the police, divided by the population for comparison across geographic regions. Police-reported data capture only those crimes reported and recorded by the ...
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...road social surveys, rather than alone since both are lacking in their own ways. As a difference in timing is a key characteristic in the differences in the polls. UCR is annually conducted, whereas GSS on Victimization is processed every five years for the forgoing 12 months.
The General Social Survey and Uniform Crime Reporting Survey, both provide criminologists with sufficient data to analyze for the understanding and prevention of criminal behaviour and its social impact. The overall crime rate trends as of 2014 are declining in both surveys. Neither of the sources on its own can provide a Gestalt illustration of criminal incidents in Canada. On Account of their defects, there is always room for improvement in the ways in which crime is measured. As we improve the means to measure crime, our understanding of the nature and prevention of crime in Canada advances.
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