The atom, a unit of matter and the smallest unit of an element. The atom is extremely tiny but contains a large amount of energy. Isotopes are atoms with the same number of protons, but differing numbers of neutrons. Certain isotopes from a few elements split and free a section of their energy as heat. This is the process of fission. The heat made in fission is what produces electricity in power plants (U.S Energy). In 1789, German chemist Martin Klaproth discovered uranium and named his discovery after the planet Uranus. In 1934, Enrico Fermi, an Italian Physicist, conducted an expe...
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... Unfortunately, the Nuclear Waste Policy act failed even though the DOE met all the requirements for the process with the act, Congress declined the multiple site search process and appointed the Yucca Mountain as the repository site. In 1990, the United States Commercial nuclear power was at its highest with 112 reactors in operation. As of 2004, there were 104 reactors still working in 31 states that made up about 20% of the nation’s electricity.
The invention of nuclear power has brought many positive and negative effects ever since its introduction. Predictions for the future of nuclear energy are that the era of nuclear power will make its return from the shadows and into the limelight once more. As quoted from Albert Einstein, “The unleashed power of the atom has changed everything save our modes of thinking and we thus drift toward unparalleled catastrophe.”
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