Confidentiality is “the obligation of professionals to respect the privacy of clients and the information they provide” (Cottone & Tarvydas, 2007, p. 31). There are ethical principles that promote the concept of confidentiality universally in both professional code of ethics and legal standards. Legal confidentiality prohibits the counselors discussing private information discussed in sessions to individuals outside the organization. Professional associations cannot necessarily provide legal confidentiality, however the professional association can revoke memberships (Cottone & Tarvydas, 2007).
The American Counseling Association states the following regarding contagious, life-threatening diseases, “When clients disclose that they have a disease commonly known to be both communicable and life threatening, counselors may be justified in disclosing information to identifiable third parties, if they are known to be at demonstrable and high risk of contract...
... middle of paper ...
...ote the most ethical, beneficial outcome and care for the client and the others involved.
Chenneville, T. (2000). HIV, confidentiality, and duty to protect: a decisions-making model. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 31(6), 661-670. doi: 10.1037/0735-7028.31.6.661
Cottone, R. R., & Tarvydas, V. M. (2007). Counseling ethics and decision making. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Pearson Prentice Hall
DiMarco, M., & Zoline, S. S. (2004). Duty to warn in the context of HIV/AIDS related psychotherapy: decision making among psychologists. Counseling and Clinical Psychology Journal, 1(2), 68-85. Retrieved from Academic Search Premier database.
Rowan, J., & Zinaich S. (2003). Ethics for the professions. Belmont, California: Wadsworth Cengage Learning.
Shallcross, L. (2011). Do the right thing. Counseling Today, 53(10), 28-34.
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