Counseling: An Ethical Dilemma with HIV/AIDS Essay

Counseling: An Ethical Dilemma with HIV/AIDS Essay

Length: 2384 words (6.8 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Term Papers

Open Document

Essay Preview

In the counseling field, it is necessary for clients to trust the therapist and be able to disclose sensitive information about themselves. Many times when a person is coming in for counseling the individual is vulnerable and looking to improve the quality of life. This is the reason why confidentiality is highly important in therapy. It is an essential piece that helps to create a rapport and relationship between the client and therapist. One area in which it is extremely important to explore confidentiality is when clients have HIV/AIDS and there is a third party involved. The HIV/AIDS epidemic has presented an ethical dilemma for many counselors in knowing how to approach decision-making processes in situations encountered within this population (Cottone & Tarvydas, 2007).

Confidentiality is “the obligation of professionals to respect the privacy of clients and the information they provide” (Cottone & Tarvydas, 2007, p. 31). There are ethical principles that promote the concept of confidentiality universally in both professional code of ethics and legal standards. Legal confidentiality prohibits the counselors discussing private information discussed in sessions to individuals outside the organization. Professional associations cannot necessarily provide legal confidentiality, however the professional association can revoke memberships (Cottone & Tarvydas, 2007).

The American Counseling Association states the following regarding contagious, life-threatening diseases, “When clients disclose that they have a disease commonly known to be both communicable and life threatening, counselors may be justified in disclosing information to identifiable third parties, if they are known to be at demonstrable and high risk of contract...


... middle of paper ...


...ote the most ethical, beneficial outcome and care for the client and the others involved.




Works Cited

Chenneville, T. (2000). HIV, confidentiality, and duty to protect: a decisions-making model. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 31(6), 661-670. doi: 10.1037/0735-7028.31.6.661

Cottone, R. R., & Tarvydas, V. M. (2007). Counseling ethics and decision making. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Pearson Prentice Hall

DiMarco, M., & Zoline, S. S. (2004). Duty to warn in the context of HIV/AIDS related psychotherapy: decision making among psychologists. Counseling and Clinical Psychology Journal, 1(2), 68-85. Retrieved from Academic Search Premier database.

Rowan, J., & Zinaich S. (2003). Ethics for the professions. Belmont, California: Wadsworth Cengage Learning.

Shallcross, L. (2011). Do the right thing. Counseling Today, 53(10), 28-34.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay on Case Analysis: HIV/AIDS

- As the world evolved health problems have evolved with it. One of the many health problems that medical professionals deal with today is HIV/AIDS. HIV is a virus spread through body fluids that affects specific cells of the immune system, called CD4 cells, or T cells. Over time, HIV can destroy so many of these cells that the body can’t fight off infections and disease. When this happens, HIV infection leads to AIDS (www.cdc.gov). Like many other chronic illnesses, HIV/AIDS consist of stages. HIV disease has a well-documented progression....   [tags: social workers ethical issues]

Term Papers
1237 words (3.5 pages)

Mandatory HIV Testing is Wrong Essay

- TABLE OF CONTENTS S No Topic Page No 1 Introduction 3 2 Mandatory HIV testing among Pregnant women 4 3 Pros of Mandatory HIV testing for pregnant women 5-6 4 Arguments against Mandatory testing for pregnant women 7 5 Arguments against Mandatory Premarital HIV Testing 8-9 6 Proponents of Mandatory Premarital HIV Testing 10 7 Conclusions 10-11 8 Recommendations 12 9. References 12-13 Introduction There are different kinds of HIV testing: voluntary testing, where the person tested makes the decision; mandatory testing, where you are tested whether or not you want to be tested; and routine testing, where, if you got some blood drawn for some other reason, an ex...   [tags: Pro Con HIV Testing ]

Term Papers
1389 words (4 pages)

Developing a Health Advocacy Campaign for HIV Stigma Reduction Essay

- My preparation for this assignment began with a review of the Healthy People initiative that was developed by the Department of Health and Human Services. There are many ongoing health issues that our healthcare system is currently dealing with. The Healthy People initiative is a set of goals and objectives designed to guide national health promotion and disease prevention to improve the health of all people in the United States (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2010). The population health issue I’ve chosen for my policy developing campaign is HIV stigma reduction....   [tags: HIV Stigma Reduction]

Term Papers
2741 words (7.8 pages)

Counseling and The Georgia Addiction Counselors Association is Essay

- The state certification credentialing board in Georgia for addiction counselors is The Georgia Addictions Counselors Associations (GACA) located in Smyrna, Georgia. This board was established in 1980. The GACA issues two credentials for addiction counselors and one credential for clinical supervisors. The mission of the Georgia Addiction Counselors Association is to increase awareness of drug dependence and abuse as a major social problem in society the expand of treatment centers made it a necessity to create a system that assures citizens of Georgia that addiction counselors has met an acceptable standard of professional competency....   [tags: Drugs, Certification, Volunteer]

Term Papers
883 words (2.5 pages)

Mandatory Testing For Pregnant Women Essay

- ... Pros of Mandatory HIV Testing for Pregnant Women Mandatory testing allows time for prompt treatment to begin during the pregnancy that can lead to low viral loads during delivery to lower the risk of transmission of HIV from mother to baby. If aware of a positive HIV diagnosis healthcare workers are able to work together to lower the risk of transmission during delivery by setting up for a cesarean delivery, providing adequate teaching and counseling to the mother about treatment options and methods to lower the risk of transmission in the home after delivery....   [tags: Childbirth, Pregnancy, HIV, AIDS]

Term Papers
726 words (2.1 pages)

The Spread Of Hiv And Aids Essay examples

- ... According to the Pepaids organization and the mars theatre group, common subjects include how to prevent mother to child transmission and where communities can access their voluntary, counseling and testing services. The plays not only serve to keep the community informed about HIV/AIDS but also use this opportunity to speak on child abuse and other taboo topics in the community. Which is very important, the lack of awareness causes ignorance which spreads fast around the communities and that can cause so many issues for the ones who have been affected by the disease and other issues personally or in their own communities....   [tags: AIDS, Tuberculosis, HIV, HIV/AIDS]

Term Papers
718 words (2.1 pages)

Essay about Hiv / Aids And Aids

- ... Hence, affected persons are often shunned or discriminated against. Domestic Discrimination According to Esplen (2007), domestic discrimination is primarily driven by social and cultural values that define female purity and its importance. As indicated before, many cultures across the world view HIV/AIDS are a result of some immoral behavior especially if it occurs among women. To this effect, Esplen (2007) argues that women living with HIV/AIDS are subjected to greater discrimination than men because of the notion that they are expected to remain pure until marriage....   [tags: Discrimination, Employment, HIV/AIDS, Health care]

Term Papers
1152 words (3.3 pages)

Hiv And Aids : Aids Essay

- HIV and AIDS!!. Two medical conditions that have the stigma of creating fear in members of society. HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus. This virus destroys the immune system by killing important cells that fight disease and infection. A diagnosis of HIV means you have it for life. Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome or AIDS is the final stage of the HIV infection. However, it should be noted that not everyone who has HIV develops AIDS. AIDS further contributes to the destruction of the body’s immune system by killing all the organs and cells that work to fight off infection or disease....   [tags: AIDS, HIV, Immune system, Antiretroviral drug]

Term Papers
878 words (2.5 pages)

Essay on HIV and AIDS

- HIV and AIDS The AIDS and HIV virus is a very dangerous disease that sees no race, no color, no gender, no economic background and not even a specific age group. It can affect anyone, at any time if they put themselves in a situation where they could be at risk. AIDS stands for what is called acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. The virus causes the body's immune system to break down and become useless in fighting illness and bacteria. Even a common cold could lead to the death of a person affected with the AIDS virus....   [tags: HIV and AIDS]

Free Essays
692 words (2 pages)

HIV/AIDS Essay

- HIV/AIDS No one can be certain about how or when the AIDS virus emerged. The closest related disease would be a simian immunodeficiency virus. This is where the suggestion arose that this disease was first contracted from a primate. It has also been thought that this once primate-only disease had evolved and somehow became transmitted to people. On June 5, 1981, the first report of AIDS hit the United States. The people weren't quite sure of what they were dealing with, so mistakenly, the Center for Disease Control and Prevention released an article concerning a strange outbreak of pneumonia within the male homosexual community....   [tags: HIV and AIDS]

Free Essays
874 words (2.5 pages)