Many slaves throughout the North and South acquired their freedom between 1775 and 1830, however, during this time period the institution of slavery was also expanded. Factors such as the invention of the cotton gin by Eli Whitney and the prevalence of stable two-parent slave households caused slavery to expand at the same time the number of free-blacks grew. Both slaves and free blacks faced many challenges. Challenges such as widespread racial prejudice, little to no freedoms, and little to no social mobility plagued both slaves and free blacks alike. Slaves were also forced to deal additional challenges such as poor, tiresome working conditions and physical abuse by their masters as a result of their state of enslavement. The way slaves and free blacks faced the challenges presenting them ranged from increased church ties, sabotaging of farming equipment, escaping from bondage to even armed rebellion. As more slaves were freed through gradual legal emancipation, emancipation by their masters, and through escapes into the north. The number of slaves in the country still rose as result of the cotton gin, stable two-parent slave households, increased economic reliance on cotton, the encouragement of slaves to reproduce by their masters, and the illegal smuggling of slaves into the country.
Blacks gained freedom from slavery through a number of means. The main method emancipation occurred mainly in the north was through gradual legal emancipation. Every northern state had passed laws gradually freeing slaves as they reached a certain age age, usually between the ages 18 and 28. Emancipation was gradual rather than abrupt as to prevent anger from slaveholders who felt the government was taking their property without due process....
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...for slaves. Armed rebellion did not succeed in providing slaves freedom, however, it did send a message that slaves resisted their bondage which helped to contradict the southern claims that blacks need to be in bondage for their own benefit.
Between 1775 and 1830, the number of free blacks increased as the number of slaves increased. Gradual legal emancipation, escapes to the north, and emancipation through their masters had freed many blacks. Meanwhile, the invention of the cotton gin, stable two parent slave households, the encouragement of slaves to reproduce, and the illegal smuggling of slaves had increased the number of slaves. These slaves and freed blacks faced many challenges including racism, harsh working environments, and the complete lack of rights. They responded to these challenges through religion, disobedience to their masters, and armed uprising.
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