Corruption also presents a pressing problem for Romania’s ability to gain—and maintain—an international footing in the region. NATO plans to make its Multinational Divisional Headquarters South-East in Romania. Corruption at the highest levels of government threatens Romania’s ability to prove itself a reliable partner in the region. Romania’s elected leaders must be above suspicion, trusted to place regional security and international partnership ahead of personal interests.
Unfortunately, an undeniable reluctance to proactively curb corruption in government exists among many of Romania’s political elite. Reform measures Romania adopted to satisfy EU conditionality, on closer inspection, all too often fail to manifest into measureable progress in reducing corruption. Since accession in 2007, many of the EU’s Cooperation and Verification Mechanism (CVM) monitoring reports chastise Romania for backtracking on anti-corruption reforms.
Transparency International’s 2014 Corruption Perception Index ranks Romania last among European Union member states (tied with Greece, Italy, and Bulgaria for rank 69 out of 175). The irony that Romania enjoys one of ...
... middle of paper ...
The scarcity of information on the relationship between party system competitiveness and corruption in post-communist transition governments is regrettable because it is the sort of information that would add to the relatively few public choice studies concentrating on the causes of corruption using micro-level determinants, particularly exploring the concept via a single-country, across-time comparative perspective. The evidence may help provide relevancy for anti-corruption measures in post-Soviet, semi-consolidated democracies.
Recognizing government corruption as a principal-agent problem for voters, this paper would contribute to studies on how democratic competition impacts corruption by exploring the relationship between political party competitiveness and political corruption in post-communist Romania using an across-time comparative perspective.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Romania and Communism The Communist Regime in Romania was overall one of the toughest compared with what happened in other countries in Central-Eastern Europe; except, of course, the Soviet Union under Stalin. Communism in Romania is presented from the politic and economic points of view, as well as social perspective through the lack of freedom that affected Romanians’ lifestyle for many years. The history of Romania sees several criminal and political facts through Communism Regime. The Socialist Republic of Romania comes into effect officially from 1947 to 1989.... [tags: the history of romania, soviet union]
1596 words (4.6 pages)
- One of the most important religious holidays in Romania is Easter, the annual festival commemorating the resurrection of Jesus Christ. It is celebrated on a Sunday on changeable dates between March and April. Usually it is a week after the Catholic Easter. In Romania, the Christian Church says that Jesus was born during the winter solstice and his death followed by his resurrection happened during the spring equinox. Everyone, rich or poor, dresses in their best clothing; some are dressed in national costumes and attend to the midnight church service.... [tags: holidays, Easter, Romania, ]
521 words (1.5 pages)
- The country I chose to research is Romania. I chose this country because of its geographical location. Also, it’s because I’ve always had a slight interest in wanting to know more about it. The things that I have found have completely surprised me. Romania is a Republic nation. The Chief of State is President Klaus Iohannis whom was elected December 21st 2014 receiving 54.4% of the vote, however the Head of Government also includes Deputy Prime Minister Gabriel Oprea whom was elected March 5th 2014.... [tags: European Union, Europe, Immigration, Romania]
1199 words (3.4 pages)
- Romania after 1989 Politicians in Romania also use the communist past in order to legitimate their power (Karlson, p.7). “During the two decades after the Revolution of 1989, societies in Central and Eastern Europe have evolved from an authoritarian, centralized and bureaucratic Leninist regime, to democratic forms of political and economical organization.”(Tismaneanu, 2009). Romania fell under the communist rule in 1940s and escaped its control in 1989. The transition to democracy was a very painful and long waited process as this was the only country from the Soviet bloc to suffer an aggressive revolution (Popescu & Kaneva, 2011).... [tags: Politics, ‘Ceausescu’s Romania]
2657 words (7.6 pages)
- Corruption is issue that affects to the country and its population, especially politic, economy, society, and environment. It is a problem that not distant to people because corruption is at every levels from the national to the local community, judicial system, military, business, and so on. Then it is absolutely important and involve with everybody in the world. Corruption is a part of an undeveloped system, for example the quality of life, economic development, education, and etc. Corruption can occur in a few countries that have an inefficient government and other factors.... [tags: Political corruption, Bribery, Corruption]
1293 words (3.7 pages)
- ... Petty corruption occurs when public officials and the public meet. Normally petty corruption occurs when the public official uses their status within the government to get favors or speed up a government procedure that would normally take a longer amount of time. Political corruption is when government officials use their power for their own private gain. Usually this type of corruption occurs in order to increase wealth, power, and to help increase their government status. (What is Corruption, 2016) Corruption in Turkey is very prevalent and is among the public and private sectors.... [tags: Political corruption, Bribery, Corruption]
747 words (2.1 pages)
- ... The article, also describes Xi’s approach as focused on the effort “to transform the people who make up the state, rather than the structure of the state itself”, which the authors seems to object. While in theory some forms of government may put in place systems and implement practices that prevent corruption, the results of the Corruption index do not favor a form or other. As presented by Transparency International “Sixty-eight per cent of countries worldwide have a serious corruption problem.... [tags: Political corruption, Corruption]
791 words (2.3 pages)
- Romanian Culture Introduction Culture can be defined as the way of life associated with a community or a group of people, including their beliefs, traditions, rituals, art, behavior, and thoughts. It describes the “shared patterns of belief, feeling, and adaptation, which people carry in their minds” (Storey 45). Thus, culture can be conceptualized as an organized set of ideas, habits, as well as conditioned responses shared by members of a given society. This paper discusses the concept of culture by focusing on the Romanian culture.... [tags: Sociology, Romanian Culture]
1723 words (4.9 pages)
- Solutions to Child trafficking in Romania The Guardian describes the story of Marinela, A seventeen year old Romanian girl who was kidnapped and sold as a sex slave. The British newspaper shared that “[Marinela’s] Daily shifts lasted twelve hours, 10pm to 10am, seven days a week.” She was later discovered and arrested for prostitution in England. It was also reported that, “Her first day in custody was the first time since her arrival in England six months earlier that she had not been forced to have sex.” (Townsend).... [tags: The Guardian, Kidnapping, Sex Trafficking]
1130 words (3.2 pages)
- Corruption can be defined as "the misuse of entrusted power for personal benefit". It can also be described as letting personal or family relationships influence economic decision making, be it by private economic agents or by government officials. Corruption is always kept secret and therefore individual behavior of corrupt agents is almost impossible to observe systematically in real life. The objectives of government are vital to the understanding of the diverse negative effects of corruption on the public service.... [tags: Government Corruption]
1208 words (3.5 pages)