Corruption Of The Soviet Union Essay

Corruption Of The Soviet Union Essay

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According to Susan Rose-Ackerman, trust stems from social and human freedom (Ackerman, 2001). We can generally define corruption as the dishonest actions public official(s) take using their public position, power or resources, which abuses the trust of the public for their private gain (Ackerman, 2001).

Corruption has become a growing concern for Russia throughout the years as the modern society seeks to evolve from its socialist past. From the data compiled by the non-government organization “Transparency International”, Russia’s corruption was not as severe during their socialist era, but worsened considerably during the 1990s, and now is regarded as one of the countries with the highest corruption rates (Suhara, 2003). While corruption existed in the Soviet Union, it did not affect the state decision making but corruption today interferes deeply with security and social issues. To explain the problem of corruption in Russia, we must delve into its history, which has influenced much of the mindset, culture, and the institutions in Russia today.

Corruption is not new to Russia if we take a look back on its history. The roots of corruption can already be traced back to the Soviet era, but it looks distinctively different to what it is today. In the Soviet era, the fundamentals of corruption were structured by a totalitarian system which formed around the allocation of scarce resources. Thus, most activities of Soviet corruption revolved around infrastructure, capital investments and falsifications of data. Small gratitudes such as bribes and gifts were exchanged by the masses as a natural form of relationships between people. The exchanges were often services, material gifts and favours as opposed to monetary bribes widely circ...


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... law as well as administrative efficiency so that corruption will not be needed as much.

In conclusion, Russia’s case of corruption is not a simple case to solve as it has its roots back to its Soviet history. Starting from small gratitudes in the form of goods and services in the Soviet era, it has transformed into the norm to return favours. Russia’s society mentality is very different to for example, the West, as the act of of corruption is possibly not considered as serious or morally wrong, as it is more unacceptable to go back on a transaction or promise than conduct an illegal action. With the crackdown of the civil society and tightly controlled media today, it proses a deeper problem to solve the state of corruption in Russia. The legal sector, administration, and greater efficiency is needed to first eliminate many of the reasons or needs for corruption.

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