Correlation between Young Black Male Presence in Neighborhoods and a Higher Perception of Crime

Correlation between Young Black Male Presence in Neighborhoods and a Higher Perception of Crime

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In a study, conducted by Berg, Slocum, and Loeber (2011), they began with several objectives. First, “to assess if robberies and assaults are less likely to be reported when the victim is engaged in crime and if this relationship can be explained by characteristics of the incident, victim, or the victim’s neighborhood and if neighborhood context moderates the effects of offending on reporting” (Berg, Slocum, and Loeber, 2011, p. 75). The data used in this study came from self-reported victimizations to the Pittsburgh Youth Study (PYS). This is an ongoing longitudinal exploration into delinquency and mental health issues. Their sample used, consisted of 832 victimizations, which were reported by 371 participants in the longitudinal study. The sample were all male ranging from ages ten to twenty-six.
When reporting an incident to the PYS, there were several questions asked including, but not limited to: Was the crime reported to the police?, and has the victim committed any of the ten different types of crimes in the last year? Other questions were asked, with the goals of discovering the victim’s lifestyle, acceptance to violence, demographics and the neighborhood in which they live.
The study found that the biggest negative correlation with victims’ decision to report their victimization, was whether or not the victim themselves, had been an offender of some crime in the last year. Furthermore, the victims’ acceptance of violence, involvement with criminal peers and living in high crime neighborhoods, all played a part in the decision to report crimes to the police. The researchers also conclude that victims who were offending, are less likely to report to the police; however, those offending victims who don’t report, are mu...

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...ogy, 48 (3), 683-723.
Hipp, J. (2010). A dynamic view of neighborhoods: The reciprocal relationship between crime and the neighborhood structural characteristics. Social Problems, 57 (2), 205-230.
Hipp, J. (2007). Income inequality, race, and place: Does the distribution of race and class within neighborhoods affect crime rates? Criminology, 45 (3), 665-697.
Peterson, R., Krivo, L. (2009). Segregated spatial locations, race-ethnic composition, and neighborhood violent crime. The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 623, 93-107.
Quillian, L., Pager, D. (2001). Black neighbors, higher crime? The role of racial stereotypes in evaluations of neighborhood crime. American Journal of Sociology, 107 (3), 717-767.
Willits, D., Broidy, L., Denman, K. (2013). Schools, neighborhood risk factors, and crime. Crime & Delinquency, 59 (2), 292-315.

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