Correlation between Young Black Male Presence in Neighborhoods and a Higher Perception of Crime

Correlation between Young Black Male Presence in Neighborhoods and a Higher Perception of Crime

Length: 1987 words (5.7 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Term Papers

Open Document

Essay Preview

In a study, conducted by Berg, Slocum, and Loeber (2011), they began with several objectives. First, “to assess if robberies and assaults are less likely to be reported when the victim is engaged in crime and if this relationship can be explained by characteristics of the incident, victim, or the victim’s neighborhood and if neighborhood context moderates the effects of offending on reporting” (Berg, Slocum, and Loeber, 2011, p. 75). The data used in this study came from self-reported victimizations to the Pittsburgh Youth Study (PYS). This is an ongoing longitudinal exploration into delinquency and mental health issues. Their sample used, consisted of 832 victimizations, which were reported by 371 participants in the longitudinal study. The sample were all male ranging from ages ten to twenty-six.
When reporting an incident to the PYS, there were several questions asked including, but not limited to: Was the crime reported to the police?, and has the victim committed any of the ten different types of crimes in the last year? Other questions were asked, with the goals of discovering the victim’s lifestyle, acceptance to violence, demographics and the neighborhood in which they live.
The study found that the biggest negative correlation with victims’ decision to report their victimization, was whether or not the victim themselves, had been an offender of some crime in the last year. Furthermore, the victims’ acceptance of violence, involvement with criminal peers and living in high crime neighborhoods, all played a part in the decision to report crimes to the police. The researchers also conclude that victims who were offending, are less likely to report to the police; however, those offending victims who don’t report, are mu...


... middle of paper ...


...ogy, 48 (3), 683-723.
Hipp, J. (2010). A dynamic view of neighborhoods: The reciprocal relationship between crime and the neighborhood structural characteristics. Social Problems, 57 (2), 205-230.
Hipp, J. (2007). Income inequality, race, and place: Does the distribution of race and class within neighborhoods affect crime rates? Criminology, 45 (3), 665-697.
Peterson, R., Krivo, L. (2009). Segregated spatial locations, race-ethnic composition, and neighborhood violent crime. The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 623, 93-107.
Quillian, L., Pager, D. (2001). Black neighbors, higher crime? The role of racial stereotypes in evaluations of neighborhood crime. American Journal of Sociology, 107 (3), 717-767.
Willits, D., Broidy, L., Denman, K. (2013). Schools, neighborhood risk factors, and crime. Crime & Delinquency, 59 (2), 292-315.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Black Women Have Been Imprisoned For Having The Girlfriend Role Essay

- Black women have been imprisoned for having the ‘girlfriend role’. This is when a woman is dating a drug dealer and gets caught in the drug conspiracy charge due to her boyfriends or husbands drugs in one form or another (acluvideos, 2008). This does not just hurt the woman who was convicted but also here children and other dependents. Black women who live in poor neighborhoods are disadvantaged within their disadvantaged neighborhoods and are often exploited by men who hold the power. Blacks have been stereotyped to be criminals since the slavery era....   [tags: Crime, Black people, African American, Cocaine]

Term Papers
1065 words (3 pages)

Characteristics of The Harlem Renaissance in the Works of Langston Hughes, Countee Cullen, and Claude McKay

- The Harlem Renaissance took place between 1919 and 1935; it was a movement that included literary arts, specifically the portrayal of black life from a realistic view; it is known as one of the most influential movements as it was the development of the African American culture (Hutchinson 1). In the renaissance blacks essentially made a new identity for themselves; known as the “new negro”, this included no longer allowing whites to treat them as if they were not humans; additionally they would breakdown the stereotypes of blacks and not let whites dictate them because of their color, past, or financial status (Morgan 214)....   [tags: history of New York neighborhoods]

Term Papers
1067 words (3 pages)

Essay on Black Male Success in Higher Education

- Introduction Over the years there has been a significant decrease in the percentage of African American male success in higher education. Not only does this effect society as a whole, but more importantly this effects the African- American community as well. The high percentage of uneducated African- American males will result in increased crime rate, shortened life span and overall hard life. However this epidemic can be stopped by looking at the contributing factors of why there is a decrease in African-American male success in higher education and how to change it....   [tags: african americans, social integration, environment]

Term Papers
2278 words (6.5 pages)

Essay on The Perception Of The Color Blind Ideology

- residents overestimated the percentage of minorities to try and downplay their dominance. In reality, Corktown is made up residents who are 64 percent white, 21 percent Hispanic, 8 percent Maltese, 4 percent black, and 2 percent other (Hartigan 1999). In terms of racial encounters, residents describe how there is generally never a problem and that they tend to find themselves in meetings where they are the only white person in the room, apparently showing how they are comfortable socializing with members of other races (Hartigan 1999)....   [tags: Racism, Race, Social class, White people]

Term Papers
1288 words (3.7 pages)

Book Punished : Policing The Lives Of Black And Latino Boys Essay

- Victor Rios is a previous gang member, whom “was given the opportunity” to get out of the youth control complex. In his book “Punished”, he analyzes the experiences of young black and Latino boys in Oakland, California. Rios gives us an intimate description of some of the everyday forms of “hyper discrimination” these minority boys experience. This book review will focus on the main concepts explained in chapters one through three from the book Punished: Policing the Lives of Black and Latino Boys....   [tags: Sociology, Crime, Criminal justice, Stereotype]

Term Papers
1127 words (3.2 pages)

Black Equality Versus Police Extrajudicial Killings Essay

- Black Equality versus Police Extrajudicial Killings INTRODUCTION An ongoing conflict involving Police extrajudicial killings and African-American equality in the United States continues to exacerbate as a series of deaths of young unarmed Black males at the hands of police were captured on video and propagated throughout the national media, starting in 2014 (Perry 175). Noting that the conflict is an old-age saga, recent videos of mostly young Black men being killed galvanized diversified movements, urging horizontal policing nationwide....   [tags: Police, Law enforcement, Constable]

Term Papers
1689 words (4.8 pages)

Essay about The Height And Weight Perception Of Black Males

- This present work is centered on the superhumanization bias and how it may influence the height and weight perception of black males. Superhumanization is the perception of black people as beings beyond the human realm that possess supernatural physical abilities and supernatural intellectual abilities. While it may seem like a positive attribution, superhumanization denies Blacks the vast array of emotions and hardships that are allowed to white people. Considering the physical superhumanization of Blacks in pop culture and the media, the current question is whether if this bias will correlate with the estimation of Blacks as taller and heavier than they really are....   [tags: White people, Black people, Slavery]

Term Papers
712 words (2 pages)

Essay about The Black Young Men 's Unemployment

- In the early twentieth century, there is a lot of suburbanization going on. Most of the white population and factories were being move to suburb area, so suburbs become economically advanced areas. There are more housing opportunity in the inner city, since the whites were move out, so there are a lot of blacks and poor people start to move in. Inner city soon become black people’s living space. However, they were isolated from suburb area, the economic depression is everywhere in the city, the house are poor and crowded, most of the residents live under the poverty and many other social problems....   [tags: Black people, White people, Suburb]

Term Papers
882 words (2.5 pages)

Development of Neighborhoods in Chicago Essay

- Chicago in the 1920s was a turning point for the development of ethnic neighborhoods. After the opening of the first rail connection from New York to Chicago in the 1840s, immigration sky rocketed from that point on. Majority of the immigrants to Chicago were Europeans. The Irish, Italians, eastern European Jews, Germans, and Mexicans were among the most common ethnicities to reside in Chicago. These groups made up the greater part of Chicago. The sudden increase in immigration to Chicago in the 1920s soon led to an even further distinguished separation of ethnicities in neighborhoods....   [tags: City Development, Ethnic Neighborhoods]

Term Papers
1872 words (5.3 pages)

Perception And Perception Of Perception Essay

- Perception is defined as the awareness of the world through the use of the five senses, but the concept of perception is often used to isolate one person’s point of view, so how reliable can perception be if no one person’s is exactly the same. The word perception itself is riddled with different, well, perceptions of its meaning. When some hear the word they might automatically think of it as something innately flawed, that can easily be fooled by illusions, while others may think of its usefulness when avoiding scalding a hand on a hot stove....   [tags: Perception, Sense, Mind, Psychology]

Term Papers
1835 words (5.2 pages)