Our study followed a specific method to carry out these two tasks. In the verbal fluency task, Participants were given 3 categories where they had to write down as many items relevant to the category as possible in the time given. The categories given were fruits, animals and lastly, vegetables. Females; as expected, had a higher accuraacy for writing down more than the males in this task. Then we conducted the Mental rotation task. Each participant answered 48 questions which contained the images of two block shapes rotated in a different way and the participants were to determine whether they are identical or not. As expected, in this task,...
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...at the difference between mean scores for men and women would have occurred by chance. The P-value alpha level is set at 0.05 (5%). If the p-value is less than this, we must reject the Null Hypothosis and accept the research hypothosis. If the p-value is more than this value, than we accept the null hypothpsis. The T test that was conducted showed us that for both the Verbal Fluency test and Mental Rotation test, the P-Value was .00. Professor Steve Simon (2012) claims that when SPSS programmes the p-value to .00, It is rounding the numbers and suggests to use the term (P = .001). Due to the p-value probability criterion of P < 0.05, we can reject the null hypothosis, meaning that the results are statisically significant. We can conclude that the performance of men fluctuates from that of women for the reason that the p value is less than 0.05 (P < 0.05).
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