Corrections: The Fundamental Essay

Corrections: The Fundamental Essay

Length: 1392 words (4 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Powerful Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Many different facets compose the makeup of a prison community. One of the main components of the prison culture is the correctional officer. The individuals that are responsible for the security at correctional facilities such as a prison are better known as CO’s or correctional officers. Typically, the higher the security levels of the prison, the lower the ratio of inmates to correctional officers. “State averages of inmates to COs range from about 3.5 to 1 up to 8 to 1 (with national averages of 5.4 to 1 in 2000), but these numbers have to be taken with a grain of salt” (Foster, 2006, p.164). With the aforementioned disparity with the number of COs to inmates naturally safety concerns arise when it comes to keeping both COs and inmates working and living in a safe environment.
The number of individuals that are incarcerated in the United States on a daily basis has surpassed 2.2 million (Gibbons & Katzenbach, 2011). Annually, 13.5 million people at some point and time spend time in prison or jail with approximately 95 percent of them ultimately returning to society (Gibbons et al., 2011). Taking the aforementioned statement into considerations the author believes that it is safe to say that what goes on behind prison walls effects all members of society. When correctional facilities are unsafe, unhealthy, unproductive, or inhumane it affects both the people who work in them as well as the people that are living there at some point and time.
Unfortunately, the majority of prisons house more inmates than they can manage safely and effectively, which creates an environment of disorder and tension and often times results in violent episodes. Down time in prisons for inmates is one of the most dangerous scenarios po...

... middle of paper ...


Works Cited

Foster, B. (2006). Corrections: The fundamentals. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.
Gibbons, J.J., & Katzenbach, N.D.B. (2011). Confronting confinement: A report of the
commission of safety and abuse in america’s prisons. Federal Sentencing Reporter,
24(1), 36-41.
McClellan, D.S. (2002). Coming to the aid of women in U.S. prisons. Monthly Review,
54(2), 33-44.
Pyrooz, D.C., Decker, S.H., & Fleisher, M. (2011). From the street to the prison, from the prison
to the street: Understanding and responding to prison gangs. Journal of Aggression,
Conflict and Peace Research, 3(1), 12-24.
Seiter, R. P. (2008). Corrections: An introduction, (2nd ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice
Wooldredge, J., PhD., & Seiter, B., PhD. (2013). Violent victimization among state prison
inmates. Violence and Victims, 28(3), 531-51.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The Corrections and Conditional Release Act in 1992 Essay

- In an era dominated by a political culture promoting rhetoric centred on being “tough on crime,” protecting “victim’s rights,” and creating “safe streets and communities,” the study of injustice, and the pursuit of protection for prisoner’s human rights within the correctional landscape might be perceived as a losing battle. However, in the wake of the coroner’s investigation and subsequent finding of homicide in the death of Ashley Smith, questions are being raised regarding the care and custody of an inmate population that is increasingly racialized, gendered, and medicalized....   [tags: political culture, crime, victims]

Powerful Essays
1487 words (4.2 pages)

Essay on Models of Corrections

- This essay provides answers to the following prompts: 1. What is the community model of corrections. 2. What is the crime control model of corrections. 3. What are the differences between prisons and jails. 4. What is your opinion about the constitutional rights of prisoners. 1. What is the community model of corrections. This model of corrections main purpose was to reintroducing the offenders in to the community. This Program was invented to help offenders in the transition from jail to the community, aid in the processes of finding jobs and stay connected to their families and the community....   [tags: community model, crime control model]

Powerful Essays
1258 words (3.6 pages)

A Budget Is A Fundamental Discipline For Any Organization Essay examples

- A budget Is a fundamental discipline for any organisation. The word Budget comes from an old English word `Bougett’ which means a pouch or sack. In fact, it was a leather bag from which the British Chancellor of Exchequer (in charge of finance) took out his papers, which contained government financial programme for the coming year to present in the Parliament. The budget has historically played the centre stage in most of the organisations, systems of management control. Any organisations strategies are incomplete without the budget which gives the forecast to the financial undertaking that the organisation should follow for their success....   [tags: Management, Budget, Budgets]

Powerful Essays
1411 words (4 pages)

Essay on Juvenile Confinement And The United States Juvenile Prison System

- Juvenile solitary confinement is a way to punish poor behavior in the United States juvenile prison system. However after long term negative side effects that isolation can cause in teens, the General public has been in support of isolation alternatives. In this paper I will be discussing the state by state solitary confinement rules and regulations, how rehabilitation and therapeutic services can be a healthy option as an alternative to confinement and how our nation’s youth don’t always have to feel that segregation is the only form of discipline....   [tags: Prison, Corrections, Penology]

Powerful Essays
1924 words (5.5 pages)

The Facts And Points Brought Forth By Mrs. Maya Schenwar Essay example

- The facts and points brought forth by Mrs. Maya Schenwar, hold quite some merit to them individually. As a whole, though, they lack clear substance and direction and present themselves as something not quite well thought through. In this regard, I would also like to call out the over-empathy and one-sided approach that the author takes in glorifying and victimizing the criminal, who quite frankly, is for the most part, and in most cases, simply paying the price for his/her wrong-doings. I intend to point out a few flaws in the reasoning employed and the facts presented by Mrs....   [tags: Prison, Crime, Penology, Corrections]

Powerful Essays
1320 words (3.8 pages)

The For A Successful Vocational Program Essay

- VOCATIONAL PROGRAMS According to Vacca (2004), inmates who participated in vocational programs were less likely to re-offend once they were released from prison. Also, it is shown that inmates that participate in vocational programs tend to decline, in regards to violence within the prison setting. The key to a successful vocational program is not to pressure an offender into completing a program. The desire to change their life needs to be genuinely pursued, and not forced. Offenders who feel forced may not do as well as other submitting offenders....   [tags: Prison, Criminal justice, Crime, Corrections]

Powerful Essays
2213 words (6.3 pages)

Criminal Justice And Crime Justice System Essay

- Nearly 2.3 million people are held inside of local jails, state, or federal prisons on a given day. While a whopping 24 million people go through the criminal justice system each year, another 7.2 million are under some sort of criminal justice supervision (Pettus-Davis, 2012, Pg.3). Those numbers are absolutely staggering and with all those people inside the system there needs to be people on the outside giving them a voice and the proper help they so desperately need. That is why there are criminal justice social workers....   [tags: Prison, Criminal justice, Sociology, Corrections]

Powerful Essays
1312 words (3.7 pages)

Essay on The Future Of Corrections Policy

- The Future of Corrections The future of corrections is going to be impacted from everything from the national economy to the aging prison population. In this paper we will be covering the economic impact of corrections and how it will decide the course of corrections in the future. We shall also look into the aging population of prisons and the overcrowding based on this phenomenon. A look into the prison population as a whole as well as the community based corrections such as probation. The U.S....   [tags: Prison, Recidivism, Penology, Corrections]

Powerful Essays
1933 words (5.5 pages)

The Arizona Department Of Juvenile Corrections Essay

- There are various agencies throughout the country that have a role in every community. In Arizona there are several police agencies that have a huge role in the community; but the organization that has driven my attention and I have spent time reviewing is The Arizona Department of Juvenile Corrections. The Arizona Department of Juvenile Corrections is not just about handling the behavior of the youth, but it is for safer communities through the youth. Their mission is not only to enhance public protection, but to also help change the delinquent thinking and behaviors of juvenile offender’s committed to the Department....   [tags: High school, Psychology, Corrections, Youth]

Powerful Essays
1069 words (3.1 pages)

The Basic Goals And Philosophy Of Corrections Essays

- The Basic Goals and Philosophy of Corrections for the 21st Century in America The view on corrections have changed over the years. While corrections is a main function of the criminal justice system, it is designed to regulate behaviors considered so dangerous that they cannot be tolerated within the confines of society (Siegel & Bartollas, 2014). After 9/11, society’s reactions to crime and punishment have intensified. A more conservative, hardline approach to corrections is encouraged, even with the declined crime rate....   [tags: Prison, Crime, Criminal justice, Corrections]

Powerful Essays
1113 words (3.2 pages)