How do these papers interconnect with one another? The papers are based on corporate lobbying influences and based on the outcomes of a broad picture of health. Paper C has very few examples on health but works well on how influences are made, hence making comparisons with one another’s research which may not be directly with health but as a general rule of how lobbying in the UK is influenced. The health papers will have cross references with the general lobbying paper, which provides us with a ‘bigger picture’ of what politics is about.
The first paper (paper A) This is highlighting the issue that corporations which are the alcohol industry has industry actors which states that they have been successful within their positioning themselves as partners in policymaking, this is compared with the tobacco industry. Can this be argued that although two controversial industries that they have irrelevant effects to make such comparisons when they two different industries. They also state that the British Governments have been strongly criticised for being favourable to one industry interests too much weight in alcohol policymaking. “Policy outcomes are more often in line with the preferences of business actors” (Bernhagen, 2012, p. 561). This is in line with Jim McCambridge et al is view. In addition, they believe that the strategies in the United Kingdom have been built around weak evidence which hasn’t provided for the public, thus reducing UK alcohol health problem the UK are facing. Paper B argues that anything to do with acknowledgement with health and has an effect on the wider public should be considered as a stakeholder. (Baggot...
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...cy will have influence and be in line with the lobby. However, literature shows that business actors are no more successful than the non-business actors. When really business would be considered as being actively engaged more than others as it affects profit, stakeholders etc. within a business which could have an adverse effect on the company aims and objectives. The question of ‘contributions to the government party increase the likelihood…outcomes are in line with their preference. However we can draw that party donations did not ‘prove’ to make any difference to the outcome, and this brings the whole point of that lobbying and influence are ‘exceedingly difficult to answer’ (Loomis & Cigler, 1995). We can also see that a focus that lobbyists prefer to reform policy before it gets publicly available which has compromises and creates some control over the policy.
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