Conversion or Reparative Therapy Essay

Conversion or Reparative Therapy Essay

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“Homosexuality is found in over 1,500 species. Homophobia is found in only one” ("1,500 Animal” 1). Conversion therapy, or otherwise known as “reparative therapy,” is a homophobic process by which many therapists attempt to “cure” homosexuality. Conversion Therapy demonstrates the ignorance of this world by causing mental and physical harm to its participants in an attempt to “cure” something that is not a problem, and that is why the federal government needs to ban it once and for all.
Homosexuality was once considered a mental illness which lead to attempts to “cure” it. One of the main theories of homosexuality is that it stems from deviant behavior experienced in childhood. Some men develop homosexual attractions due to a bad relationship with a distant father or in response to childhood molestation (Shapio 5). While some homosexual attractions have been caused by these issues, most homosexuals have not been exposed to molestation or family issues. One of the methods to cure homosexuality is conversion therapy. Conversion therapy consists of a variety of methods, both physical and psychological. Some of these methods include praying away the gay, electroconvulsive therapy, hypnosis, and drugs (“11 Ridiculous” 1). There are many camps which are designed for conversion therapy but many of their practices remain secret. There is little information to be found online regarding these camps because they realize that they are behaving inappropriately so they hide their acts. In the 1980s, homosexuality was determined to have a biological cause; this created two sides – supporters of conversion therapy and its detractors (Friedman 1).
Though many consider homosexuality a mental illness, different studies have proven that it is a bi...


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...l. "Gay Conversion Therapy: A Dark Chapter in Mental Health Care." Psychology Today. N.p., n.d. Web. 6 Apr. 2014.
Hudson, David L., Jr. "1st Amendment at issue in ban on gay-conversion therapy for minors." ABA Journal. N.p., n.d. Web. 6 Apr. 2014.
Lee, Traci G. "Although discredited, gay conversion therapy remains an option for minors." MSNBC. N.p., n.d. Web. 6 Apr. 2014.
Pappas, Stephanie. "5 Things You Should Know About Gay Conversion Therapy." Live Science. N.p., n.d. Web. 6 Apr. 2014.
"Personal experiences with sexual conversion therapy?" The Straight Dope. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 May 2014.
Schmidt, Markus. "Bill cracks down on 'conversion therapy' for gay minors." Times Dispatch. N.p., n.d. Web. 6 Apr. 2014.
Shapiro, Lila. "Straight Talk: How Mathew Shurka And His Conversion Therapist Renounced The 'Gay Cure.'" Huffington Post. N.p., n.d. Web. 6 Apr. 2014.

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