The Controversy Of Stem Cell Research Essay

The Controversy Of Stem Cell Research Essay

Length: 818 words (2.3 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Stem Cell Research has changed the way we see biology, especially disease. The stem cell controversy is the consideration of the ethics of research involving the development, usage, and destruction of human embryos. Where the controversy is, though, is on embryonic stem cells. Since the 19th century, scientists have been studying stem cells, from plants to animals, for a cure to various diseases within them. The term “stem cell” was first introduced by German scientist, Ernst Haeckel to define the fertilized egg that will become an organism. Fast forwarding to 1989, research from scientists Mario Capecchi, Martin Evans, and Oliver Smithies comes together, creating the first “knockout mice,” which are mice specially bred in the laboratory to be missing specific genes. These mice are created using embryonic stem cells and homologous recombination, a process in which similar strands of DNA switch genes. Since the first knockout mice, there have been more than 500 different mouse models of human disease. (Boston’s Children’s Hospital, 2015) Stem cells hold great promise and potential in the field of medicine, whether doctors inject them into patients to replace diseased bone marrow, or lab scientists scrutinize them under a microscope to see how lung cancer develops. There are many positive aspects of this developing topic; yet there are negative as well but the good outweighs the bad. Stem Cell Research has many benefits but three major ones are involving human development, cell-based therapies, and has the potential to reverse disease. (Murnaghan, 2015)
Stem Cells have enormous potential in health and medical research but to fully harness this potential, scientists are studying how stem cells transform, or differentiate, into the di...

... middle of paper ...

...ble by blood stem cell transplant. More than 26,000 patients are treated with blood stem cells in Europe each year.
Stem cell research is a focus for hope, activity, discussion and sometimes controversy throughout the world. The promise this research offers to healthcare is great: repair of tissues and organs with one’s own cells, without the need to find a matched donor and endure lifelong anti-rejection therapy. Cell-based therapies open up the prospect of not just treatments but cures for currently untreatable diseases. In addition, embryonic stem cell research may lead to rapid, reliable methods of screening new drugs for toxicity and efficacy without having to do these tests in human beings. Stem Cell Research has many benefits but three major ones are involving human development, cell-based therapies, and has the potential to reverse disease. (Murnaghan, 2015)

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay on Stem Cell Research Controversy

- The controversy over stem cell research’s use in the medical field is almost two decades old. So why the sudden intense return of fierce political debates over an old issue. It’s because President Obama recently revoked the ban on stem cell research, as he believes it holds the potential to revolutionize the medical industry in the years to come. As USA Today quoted him saying in March, after he stopped restricting federal funding for stem cell research, "At this moment, the full promise of stem cell research remains unknown and should not be overstated....   [tags: Medical Field, Stem Cell Research]

Better Essays
693 words (2 pages)

Essay on The Controversy Of Stem Cell Research

- Stem cell research, like any other miracle medical advancement has experienced its controversies; but for countless people in numerous ways, stem cells truly have proven to be a miracle. To start off, the treatments developed from stem cells are plentiful and useful for many illnesses that resulted in fatality prior to this medical breakthrough. Lymphoma, a common blood cancer which infects the lymphatic system, is diagnosed, along with a few other blood cancers, every 3 minutes. These specific blood cancers are expected to contribute to 9.6 percent of all cancer fatalities in 2015 (7)....   [tags: Stem cell, Embryonic stem cell, Stem cells]

Better Essays
704 words (2 pages)

The Controversy Of Stem Cell Research Essay

- The use of stem cells is one of the most controversial topics in the application of modern medicine. The study and use of stem cells deserves more attention and funding, as it is one of the most neglected and misunderstood fields of research, largely due to its many detractors who cite religious and ethical concerns. What many people don’t know, or refuse to acknowledge, is the reality that stem cell research holds promising possibilities for the future of practical medical treatment. With enough study, doctors will finally be able to treat previously incurable injuries and diseases that cripple the lives of a troubling number of people....   [tags: Stem cell, Cellular differentiation, Cell]

Better Essays
1002 words (2.9 pages)

Essay about The Ethical Controversy Of Stem Cell Research

- The human body has special cells, which can replicate through cell division. One of the most interesting things about this replication is that they self-divide to form cells that are especially suited for building organ tissue. Stem cells naturally occur in all animals. In fact, in adults they may function for as long as the adult is alive. Scientists have been researching the applicability of the use of stem cells to produce different organs and body tissue. While there are many benefits that may come from such research, stem cell research has been an issue of great ethical controversy ....   [tags: Human, Cell, Stem cell, Cellular differentiation]

Better Essays
1491 words (4.3 pages)

The Controversy Surrounding Stem-cell Research Essay example

- Stem-cell research is a complex subject. First of all you need to know there are three main categories of stem cells. Embryonic, Fetal and Adult; not everyone is for or against all of these types. There are different sets on pros and cons to each of these types and I will address a few for each type. I believe the pros outweigh the cons in each of these and stem cell research is very beneficial for medical purposes. The term ‘stem cell research was first used by gist Alexander Maksimov, a Russian histologist in 1908....   [tags: Stem-cell research, medical, ]

Better Essays
625 words (1.8 pages)

Essay on The Controversy of Stem Cell Research

- The Controversy of Stem Cell Research One of the most controversial topics these days is Stem Cell Research. There seems to be a split opinion among societies about the research and whether it is socially and morally acceptable. As a society, we need to open our minds to the possibility of broadening our scientific horizons with stem cell research, and take the time to learn and understand whatever we can about it. There are a lot of people who don't know exactly what Stem Cell Research is which contributes to why a lot of people seem so against it....   [tags: Stem Cells Science Biology Essays]

Better Essays
1409 words (4 pages)

The Controversy Of Stem Cell Research Essay

- The topic of stem cell research is highly controversial. Although most people who consider themselves "pro life" are the main opposition for this potentially beneficial research, most people do not fully comprehend what stem cells are, much less the implications of them. In a highly generalized statement, stem cells are cells with no specialization. This allows them to form into the majority of cells in the body, depending on where they were from. In this essay I’m going to not only offer a plethora of information regarding stem cells, but make an in depth analysis of the question that everyone wants the answer to, should stem cells be used....   [tags: orthodox christianity, pro life]

Better Essays
993 words (2.8 pages)

The Embryonic Stem Cell Research Controversy Essay

- When James Thomson at the University of Wisconsin and John Gearhardt at John Hopkins University were able to culture human embryonic stem cells in a lab in 1998, they opened up an entire world of controversy now known as the stem cell debate. The importance of embryonic stem cells to modern science and medicine rests largely on the fact that they are pluripotent. This means that they have the ability to form into any cell necessary within the body; they can be encouraged to become skin cells, brain cells, etc....   [tags: Morality, Advantages, Government, ]

Better Essays
840 words (2.4 pages)

Essay about Stem Cell Research Policy

- Stem cell research is an ever-evolving area of modern policy. Many bills have been proposed and some have been passed in this area. Stem cells are pluripotent, meaning they can be converted into other. These cells have the potential to treat and cure many illnesses for which this is not yet an option. Most of the controversy over stem cell research involves moral opposition. 1998 marked the first removal of a human embryonic stem cell. Until recently these cells could only be obtained through human embryos....   [tags: Moral Opposition, Controversy, Heal Illnesses]

Better Essays
1160 words (3.3 pages)

Stem Cell Research Essay

- Should Stem Cell Research be prohibited. The ongoing bioethical controversy of stem cells research has been debated in political arenas across the world. As with any debate there are two sides to the issue. Scientific researchers want to expand their research into emerging fields like stem cell research in hopes of bettering medicine for the future. Human right activists and some religious groups are against this type of research because the harvesting of stem cells from embryos is seen as the destruction of human life....   [tags: bioethical controversy]

Better Essays
840 words (2.4 pages)